T-2: Fluids Flashcards Preview

Nursing 25 Mrs P > T-2: Fluids > Flashcards

Flashcards in T-2: Fluids Deck (50):
1

Hypernatremia?

Elevated serum sodium

2

Describe Diffusion?

Molecules moving from High to low concentration without need for energy.

3

Unique to patients with third spacing is their hydration status. How so?

They are usually fluid depleted.

4

What is the function of ANF and BNP, and how do they work?

Diuresis of Na+ and water. They suppress renin and aldosterone, and cause vasodilation.

5

Patients with fluid Excess: Labs for BUN?, Hematocrit?, Na?, K?

BUN-Decreased, Hematocrit-Decreased, Na-Elevated, K-Decreased

6

Albumin?

3.6-5.0

7

Extracellular area referes to???

The area outside the cells and is composed to 2 sub groups: 1.Interstitial fluid, 2. Intravascular space.

8

Central Diabetes Insipidus?

A disorder of the hypothalamus. Either not producing ADH or The pituitary is not receiving the message to release ADH.

9

Facilitated Diffusion...Describe?

Large molecules that use a transport protein to move from High to Low concentration. No energy required.

10

Describe how a hypertonic solution works?

Its draws fluid into the vascular space (Blood Vessels)

11

Active Transport...Describe?

The movement of molecules that move from Low to high concentration. Needs energy

12

S/S of Fluid Volume deficit?

Decreased BP Pulse= Thready Increased HR

13

Osmotic Pressure or Oncotic pressure is defined as?

The force created by plasma proteins in the vascular system that pulls fluid from the interstitial space.

14

S/S of fluid overload include?

Bounding pulses, increased BP, Tachycardia,

15

Most important vials to asses with p/t with Fluid excess are?

RR/ BP/ P

16

Transcellular fluid is?

Fluid contained within specialized cavities of the body that don't circulate.

17

Serum Creatinine?

0.6-1.5

18

Solvent?

A Liquid with dissolved solutes E.g. Water(solvent) with urea dissolved in it.

19

Name the disease: Disorder of decreased ADH, causing Polyuria, polydipsia?

Diabetes Insipidus

20

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)?

10-20

21

Would Diabetes insipidus cause what type of urine?

Dilute urine, Low specific gravity

22

Hyponatremia?

Low serum sodium

23

If GFR is above 60 what does that indicate?

Excess fluid

24

serum osmolarity?

280-295

25

Diluted urine indicated by specific gravity is?

< 1.010

26

Third spacing means?

Fluid has accumulated in cavities of the body not easily exchanged with the rest of the body.

27

Excess of Free Water volume causes?

Dilution hyponatremia

28

If GFR is below 60 what does that indicate?

Fluid deficit

29

Giving to much of a hypertonic solution can be deadly, what the first symptom we look for?

Resp problems, fluids fills lungs, SOB, Later Brain issues seen. Water leaves the brain cells (causing herniation)

30

Insensible fluid loss, defined as?

Fluids lost from the body that can't be measured

31

The normal osmolarity of Isotonic solutions?

240-340

32

Treatment for fluid excess includes?

Diuretics, angiotensin 2 blockers, ACE inhibitors, IandO,

33

When is ANF and BNP released into circulation?

When fluid is increased

34

The fluid in the spaces between the cells or around tissues is called?

Interstitial fluid

35

Stress on the body do what to fluid?

Retains it

36

Concentrated urine indicated by specific gravity is?

> 1.025

37

Hydrostatic Pressure?

Force exerted on the vessel walls by fluid flowing through them. The major force that pushes water out of the vascular system and into the interstitial space.

38

First Spacing refers to?

Normal fluid in the ICF and ECF

39

BNP test are most often ordered, what is it a good indicator of?

CHF

40

Second spacing describes?

Abnormal amount of fluid in interstitial space E.g. Edema

41

Define Hypovolemia?

Extracellular fluid volume deficit

42

How long can a IV bag remain up and running before needing change?

24 hours

43

When giving a hypotonic solution whats the 1st sign that indicates a problem?

Altered LOC, Lethargy, Headaches

44

Define Hypervolemia?

Extracellular fluid volume excess

45

How does fluid move when a hypotonic solution is given?

Leaves the blood vessel and fills the interstitial space then enters the cells.

46

Solute?

A substance dissolved into a solution. E.g. Sodium(solute) is dissolved into water).

47

The intracellular area includes?

The area within the cells

48

The Fluid within the blood vessels is termed?

Intravascular fluid

49

Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus?

The kidneys have lost sensitivity to ADH

50

Treatment for Fluid volume deficit?

IV fluids on 0.9% NS