T-4: Preoperative Flashcards Preview

Nursing 25 Mrs P > T-4: Preoperative > Flashcards

Flashcards in T-4: Preoperative Deck (22):
1

Ectomy?

Excision or removal of

2

Lysis?

Destruction of

3

Orrhaphy?

Repair or suture of

4

Oscopy?

Looking into

5

Ostomy?

Creation of opening into

6

Otomy?

Cutting into or incision of

7

Plasty?

Repair or reconstruction of

8

Adrenergic Drugs or (Sympathomimetics) do what?

Stimulate the sympathetic nervous system and induce the flight or fight response. Treat shock and hypotension.

9

Adrenergic-Blocking Drugs have which effects?

The inhibit the sympathetic nervous system and produce many of the same rest and digest and often used for hypertension.

10

astragalus and ginseng have what affect on the surgical patient?

Raise Blood pressure before and during surgery

11

why should the surgical patient avoid garlic, vitamin E, ginkgo and fish oils before surgery?

They increase the risk for bleeding

12

Kava and valerian can cause what? for the surgical patient

Increased sedation

13

How far in advance should herbal supplements be stopped before surgery?

2-3 weeks

14

Ginger is useful for?

preventing nausea

15

Arnica is useful for?

Soft tissue healing

16

Decreased liver function has what affect on anesthetic agents?

It prolongs its metabolism

17

In what order is is the respiratory assessment performed?

Airway flow, O2 saturation, RR rate, breath sounds auscultated.

18

sodium pentothal can cause?

Hypotension

19

The patient receiving propofol (Diprivan) will experience

Minimal nausea and vomiting

20

early signs of malignant hypertension include?

HR of 150 or more, hypotension, muscle rigidity

21

administration of flumazenil (Mazicon) includes what interventions?

Give medication undiluted in incremental doses, be alert of shivering and hypotension, use only a free flowing IV line in a large vein. monitor LOC

22

how often should the nurse assess client temperature when using a external heating device?

every 15 minutes