T3 - Encephalitis, Rabies, Reyes Syndrome (Josh) Flashcards Preview

Peds (Josh) > T3 - Encephalitis, Rabies, Reyes Syndrome (Josh) > Flashcards

Flashcards in T3 - Encephalitis, Rabies, Reyes Syndrome (Josh) Deck (16):
1

What is Encephalitis?

Inflammation of the brain usually caused by a viral infection

2

Most common cause of Encephalitis AFTER the newborn period .

Herpes simplex 1

- high mortality rate

3

Causes of Encephalitis.

Herpes simplex 1

Enterovirus

Adenovirus, arbovirus, rabies, Hep B

Bacteria

Parasites

4

Types of Enterovirus that cause Encephalitis

Echovirus (non-pruritic, discrete, red maculo-papular rash)

Coxsackievirus (vesicles and ulcers on soft palate)

5

Classic manifestation of Encephalitis

Febrile illness w/ neurologic signs

6

What type of history do we need w/ Encephalitis?

recent immunizations

recent insect bites

recent travel to areas where vectors are present such as West Nile, SARS, H5N1

7

With Encephalitis, due to the virulence of the infectious agents -- is almost always needed.

ICU admission

8

Goal of nursing care w/ Encephalitis

minimize complications from personality changes such as disorientation, restlessness

seizures

immobility

loss of consciousness

opportunistic / nosocomial

infections from
- intubation
- intravenous/central
- venous access lines
- foley catheters

9

Rabies affects the ---

CNS

10

Rabies is a virus usually from --

bats

racoons

etc

11

If Rabies is symptomatic, what is usually thing to happen?

Fatal

12

Which Vaccine to protect from Rabies

Human Diploid Cell Rabies (HDCV)

13

-- is caused by ASA use in kids.

Reyes Syndrome

14

Reyes Syndrome causes ---

Toxic Encephalopathy

- fever
- impaired consciousness
- dysfunctional liver

15

Reyes Syndrome commonly follows --

viral illness (flu/varicella)

16

How is Reyes diagnosed?

Liver biopsy