Flashcards in T3 - Crania / Neural Tube Defects Deck (24):
--- is absence of the brain.
Need daily folic acid of
Types of Myelodysplasia (Spina Bifida):
Occulta (not visible externally or may have a dimple)
Cystica (visible defect w/ sac-like protrusion)
Another term for Spina Bifida?
Types of Cystica (visibal sac for Spina Bifida):
Meningocele (no neuro defect)
Myelomengocele (spina bifida meninges, spinal fluid, and nerves)
Which region of the spine s effected w/ SB?
SB is frequently associated w/ --
Symptoms of SB depend on --
- loss of bowel function
- paralysis of legs
- hip dislocations/club feet
-- has nerves in it
-- has no nerves in it
- NOTE: the bigger word has more in it
Biggest problem w/ SB?
infection if it bursts
What do we observe for w/ SB?
leakage of CSF
-- surgery can be done to repair SB.
SB child will be treated by:
In ---, there is meninges and spinal fluid in sac, but no neural elements.
How is Meningocele confirmed?
- the light shines through, indicating that there is no nerves in the sac
In --, there is meninges, spinal fluid and NERVES in the sac.
Foods w/ Folic Acid.
Why do we need increased vit. C during pregancy?
to increase absorption of the Folic Acid (from leafy greens)
Lesion on low sacral area may exhibit --- but no ---
impairment of motor functions
Clinical manifestations of SB:
- Sac protrusion
- neuromuscular symptoms
- orthopedic probs
- UTI probs
Amniotic studies to evaluate for SB look for --
If hydrocephalus is present w/ SB, what else will we do besides correct SB?
In prepping for surgery, what is goal with sac?
keep it intact and toughen it
keep it moist and warm