T3 - Crania / Neural Tube Defects Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in T3 - Crania / Neural Tube Defects Deck (24):
1

--- is absence of the brain.

Anencephaly

2

Need daily folic acid of

400 mcg

3

Types of Myelodysplasia (Spina Bifida):

Occulta (not visible externally or may have a dimple)

Cystica (visible defect w/ sac-like protrusion)

4

Another term for Spina Bifida?

Myelodysplasia

5

Types of Cystica (visibal sac for Spina Bifida):

Meningocele (no neuro defect)

Myelomengocele (spina bifida meninges, spinal fluid, and nerves)

6

Which region of the spine s effected w/ SB?

Lumbo-sacral area

7

SB is frequently associated w/ --

hydrocephalus

8

Symptoms of SB depend on --

location:

- loss of bowel function
- paralysis of legs
- hip dislocations/club feet

9

Cystica SB:

-- has nerves in it

-- has no nerves in it

myelomeningocele

meningocele

- NOTE: the bigger word has more in it

10

Biggest problem w/ SB?

infection if it bursts

11

What do we observe for w/ SB?

leakage of CSF

12

-- surgery can be done to repair SB.

Intrauterine

13

SB child will be treated by:

neurology

neurosurgery,

pediatrics,

urology,

orthopedics,

rehabilitation,

physical therapy,

nursing care,

collaborative efforts

14

In ---, there is meninges and spinal fluid in sac, but no neural elements.

meningocele

15

How is Meningocele confirmed?

positive translumination

- the light shines through, indicating that there is no nerves in the sac

16

In --, there is meninges, spinal fluid and NERVES in the sac.

mylomeningocele

17

Foods w/ Folic Acid.

Leafy Greens

18

Why do we need increased vit. C during pregancy?

to increase absorption of the Folic Acid (from leafy greens)

19

Lesion on low sacral area may exhibit --- but no ---

bowel-bladder incontinence

impairment of motor functions

20

Clinical manifestations of SB:

- Sac protrusion

- neuromuscular symptoms

- orthopedic probs

- UTI probs

21

Amniotic studies to evaluate for SB look for --

a-1 globulin

22

If hydrocephalus is present w/ SB, what else will we do besides correct SB?

shunt

23

In prepping for surgery, what is goal with sac?

keep it intact and toughen it

keep it moist and warm

24

Odd allergy SB clients predisposed to?

Latex