T3 - Respiratory Disorders PPT (Josh) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in T3 - Respiratory Disorders PPT (Josh) Deck (31):
1

In pediatrics, the focus is on ---

In adults, the focus is on ---

airways

cardiovascular

2

In peds, the primary cause of cardiopulmonary arrest is --- ---

In adults, the primary cause of cardiopulmonary arrest is --- ---

respiratory failure

cardiac failure

3

The further down the substernal retraction pulls, ---

the less distress they're in

4

Which is more severe, substernal or suprasternal retractions?

suprasternal

- higher up, the more severe

5

Tachycardia may indicate ---

hypoxia

- they're breathing faster to get the O2 in

6

Cyanosis is a --- sign of cardiac arrest.

late

7

LOC is a --- sign of respiratory distress.

early

8

Why does dehydration happen during respiratory distress?

they're breathing so fast and losing water via insensible loss

9

Vomiting w/ respiratory problems is likely due to ---

swallowing so much plegm

10

The increased metabolic activity creates an increased need for --

calories/nutrition

fluid

11

What is the most common form of croup?

Laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB)

- age 1-3
- caused by viruses

12

-- is moderate to severe airway obstruction caused by inflammation of larynx, trachea, and large bronchi.

Larygotracheabronchitis (LTB)

- most common form of croup

13

Croup is a general term applied to a complex of symptoms characterized by ---

a barking cough

14

Croup is described according to ---

anatomical area involved

15

--- begins w/ a simple URI for 1-2 days

LTB

- ie: slow onset

16

--- is a classic symptom of LTB

Inspiratory stridor

17

Other than Inspiratory Stridor, what are other manifestations of LTB?

- Hoarseness
- Mild Fever
- Restlessness
- Flaring
- Retractions
- Increased WOB
- Resp. Fatigue
- Hypoxia

18

In -- --, there is no stridor

In -- --, there is continuous stridor

mild croup

severe croup

19

LTB can be usually be managed at home if --

there is no stridor at rest

20

With LTB, oral fluids are encouraged if RR is __

60, don't give oral fluids

21

Home treatments for LTB:

Oral fluids if RR

22

Why don't we see Epiglottitis as much any more?

Hib vaccine treats it

23

-- -- is severe, sudden onset of inflammation of the epiglottis.

Epiglottitis

- EMERGENCY

24

--- is a hallmark sign of epiglottitis

Drooling

25

An x-ray of the client with epiglottitis will reveal --

thumb's sign (enlarged, rounded epiglottis)

26

With a foreign body obstruction, what age gets back blows?

Back blows and chest thrusts if under age 1

Abdominal thrusts if over 1 year old

27

Total obstruction can cause death if object is not removed within --

4 mins

28

-- is a lower respiratory tract disorder.

Bronchiolitis

29

RSV is the most common form of --

Bronchiolitis

- lower RTI

30

Bronchiolitis is most common in --

winter and early spring

children less than 2 yrs

common (95% of kids have had it by age 3)

31

Slide 58

Slide 58