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Flashcards in T1 - Toddlers (Josh) Deck (30):
1

Normal Temp of Toddler (1-3 years)?

1 = 37.7 (99.9)

3 = 37.2 (99)

2

Normal HR of Toddler?

3 mths - 2 yrs = 70-150

2 yrs - 10 yrs = 60 - 110

3

Normal RR of Toddler?

1-2 yrs = 30-35

2-6 yrs = 21-25

4

When does birth weight quadruple?

2.5 years

5

In general, adult height is about twice the child's height at what age?

2

6

Erikson's Stage of Psychosocial development for Toddler?

Autonomy v. Shame & Doubt

7

Freud's phase of psychosexual development for Toddler?

Anal

- anus is primary erogenous zone and pleasure is derived from controlling bladder and bowel movement

8

According to Freud, what is the major conflict during Toddler stage?

toilet training (Anal)

9

According to Freud, fixation at the Toddler Stage can result in what type of personality?

too rigid or too disordered

- ANAL

10

When the child approaches 2, which stae of Piage'ts Cognitive development begins to be apparent?

Pre-operational (2-4 yrs)

11

What is negativism?

toddler behavior demonstrated by saying 'no' frequently to assert themselves

12

What is egocentrism?

inability to envision situations from perspectives other than one's own

13

Example of egocentrism?

if a person is positioned b/t a toddler and another person, the toddler will explain that both people see the person's face b/c he sees the face, even though other person is seeing the back

14

What is ritualism?

maintaining routines and reliability, provides a sense of comfort for toddlers as they explore the environment beyond those most familiar to them

15

What is centration?

focusing on one aspect rather than considering all possible alternatives

ex: child refuses food b/c of it's color, though smell and test are acceptable

16

What understanding b/t two events develops in toddlerhood?

Causal Relationships

ex: after flipping switch, toddlers are aware that a response occurs, they are not, however, able to transfer that knowledge to new situations

17

Believing thoughts are all powerful and can cause events.

Magical Thinking

ex: child wishes someone dead and person actually dies, child will feel guilty

18

Attributing lifelike qualities to inanimate objects.

Animism

ex: scolding stairs for making child fall

19

Toddlers are acutely aware of others' actions and attempt to copy them in gestures and words.

Mimicry

20

When does toddler begin to use multi-word sentences?

Age 1: one-word "Up"

Age 2: multi-word "All gone"

Age 3: simple sentences

21

How many words a day are learned by 3 year olds?

5-6

22

Example of pre-operational thinking?

Children cannot think in terms of operations, they think primarily based on their perception of an event

ex: a needle hurts so the nurse in the uniform wants to hurt me

23

What is the major fear of the toddler period?

fear of strangers and separation anxiety

24

When is a child usually ready for potty training?

22-30 mths

- recognize urge to defecate
- ability to sit on toilet for 5-8 min

25

Nutritional needs of a toddler?

- 24-30 oz milk
- 4-6 oz juice
- 1 T of food for each yr of age

26

Avoid which type of foods in toddlerhood?

choking foods

- nuts
- grapes
- hot dogs
- peanut butter
- raw carrots
- tough meats
- popcorn

27

What is physiological anorexia?

In toddlerhood, their is an increased nutritional need accompanied with a decreased appetite

- too busy to eat

28

Remain in rear facing car seat until?

2

29

Fine motor skills of toddlerhood?

9-10 mths: pincer grasp

12 mths: grasp very small obj.

15 mths: drop a pellet into a narrow-necked bottle

18 mths: throw ball overhead w/out losing balance

30

Gross motor skills of toddlerhood?

12-13 mths: walking alone

18 mths: try to run, fall easily

2-3 yrs: refine biped, upright position