Terminologies Flashcards Preview

Mycology & Virology > Terminologies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminologies Deck (39)
Loading flashcards...
1

Asexual form of a fungus

Anamorph

2

Sexual form of a fungus

Teleomorph

3

A cell that produces and extrudes conidia

Annellide

4

Ability of a fungus to use a specific carbon or nitrogen source for growth

Assimilation

5

Enlarged, dome-shaped tip of a sporangiophore that extends into the sporangium

Columella

6

A cell that produces conidia

Conidiogenous cell

7

Prefix; meaning dark (brownish or blackish)

Pheo-

8

A subcutaneous or systemic disease caused by a variety of black fungi

Phaeohyphomycosis

9

Conidia cut off sharply; ending abruptly with a flattened edge

Truncate

10

Gk: taxis

arrangement

11

Gk: anomia

method

12

A specialized hyphal structure that serves as a stalk on which conidia are formed

Conidiophore

13

An asexual propagule that forms on the side or on the end of the hypha or conidiophore

Conidium

14

Fungus with cross walls

Septate

15

Fungus without cross walls

Aseptate

16

Results from nuclear division within a cell w/o division in the cytoplasm

Coenocytic hyphae

17

Characterized by multiple projections in a hypha
resembles an OLD COMB hyphae appearance

Pectinate

18

Hyphae with club-shaped cells;
the layer end of one cell being attached to the smaller end of an adjacent cell

Racquet

19

Hyphae forming a coiled or CORKSCREW-LIKE turns

Spiral

20

Terminal hyphae branches that are irregular, broad, and ANTLER-LIKE

Favic chandelier

21

Round KNOT-LIKE structure by intertwined hyphae

Nodular

22

produces ROOT-LIKE structures along the vegetative hyphae

Rhizoid

23

Transparent, clear, and colorless hyphae

Hyaline

24

Hyphae are brown to black in color,
due to melatonic pigment in the cell walls

Dermaticeous

25

Forms filamentous (fuzzy) colonies

Apical elongation

26

Hyphal growth where mycelium is buried down the culture medium for water exchange and nutrient absorption

Vegetative (hyphal growth)

27

Hyphal growth; projects on the surface of the medium with reproductive structures (spores)

Aerial (hyphal growth)

28

Types of apical elongation

1. Vegetative
2. Aerial

29

Triggered by stems for the sub-apical accumulation of wall precursors reaching a critical concentration

Lateral elongation

30

The ability of fungi to grow into 2 forms

Fungal dimorphism