Terminology Flashcards Preview

Derm > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (33):
1

Macule

circumscribed, flat discoloration

2

Patch

circumscribed, flat discoloration > 0.5cm

3

Papule

domed, raised lesion

4

Pustule

domed, papule containing pus

5

Nodule

domed, raised lesion >0.5cm

6

Plaque

raised, flat-topped lesion >0.5cm

7

Vesicle

papule containing fluid

8

Bulla

nodule containing fluid >0.5cm

9

Wheal

edematous, transient plaque

10

What are secondary findings caused by?

External forces such as scratching, trauma, infection, or changes caused by healing

11

Scale

thickening of the stratum corneum

12

What is hyperkeratotic scale?

thick, white scale

13

Crust

dried endogenous material on the skin

14

Erosion

loss of the epidermis

15

Ulcer

loss of epidermis and dermis

16

Excoriation

linear erosion from scratching

17

Fissure

linear ulceration

18

Lichenification

thickening of skin with accentuation of skin markings due to chronic scratching or rubbing

19

Atrophy

thinning of epidermis, dermis, and/or subcutaneous fat

20

Purpura

lesions caused by extravastaed red blood cells

21

purpura petechiae

pinpoint red-brown macules

22

Purpura Ecchymosis

Bruise

23

Palpable Purpura

most commonly caused by vasculitis

24

Annular

round or ovoid with central clearing

25

Targetoid

resembling a bull's eye

26

Blaschkoid

whorled pattern following the lines of epidermal migration

27

Keobnerized

development of linear lesions following trauma classically occurs in psoriasis and lichen planus

28

Reticulate

net-like reflecting underling vasculature

29

Photodistributed

face, V of neck, hands and forearms

30

Seborrheic

scalp, brows, glabella, alae, sternal chest, groin, axillae

31

Fluctuant

suggests underlying fluid

32

Burrow

wavy tunnel in the epidermis due to Scabies infestation

33

Verrucous

wart-like