Flashcards in Test 15-18 Deck (12):
Whenever the plasma glucose concentration exceeds the renal plasma threshold,
glucose will appear in the urine.
Whenever sodium ions are reabsorbed through the wall of the renal tubule by active transport, chloride ions are
reabsorbed by passive transport.
The countercurrent mechanism functions primarily in the
In which of the following portions of the nephron is water actively transported?
none of the above
Urine is forced along the length of the ureter by
The respiratory center is most likely to cause an increase in the breathing rate if the
pH of body fluids is decreasing.
Prolonged vomiting, in which only the stomach contents are lost, leads to
Diabetes mellitus, in which fatty acids are converted to ketone bodies, leads to
Respiratory acidosis can be
caused by a decreased breathing rate and compensated for by the secretion of more hydrogen ions from the kidneys.
Metabolic alkalosis can be
all of the above
Sometimes the carboxyl groups of proteins release