Test 2 part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 2 part 2 Deck (92):
1

functional units of the lung, the thin-walled chambers surrounded by networks of capillaries that are the site of respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen

alveoli

2

manubriosternal angle, the articulation of the manubrium and body of the sternum, continuous with the second rib

angle of louis

3

an abnormal respiratory condition associated with allergic hypersensitivity to certain inhaled allergens, characterized by inflammation, bronchospasms, wheezing, and dyspnea

asthma

4

an abnormal respiratory condition characterized by collapses, shrunken, deflated sections of alveoli

atelectasis

5

inflammation of the bronchi with partial obstruction of bronchi due to excessive mucus secretion

bronchitis

6

the spoken voice sound heard through the stethoscope, which sounds soft, muffled, and indistinct over normal lung tissue

bronchophony

7

the normal breath sound heard over major bronchi, characterized by moderate pitch and equal duration of inspiration and expiration

bronchovesicular

8

a functional category of abnormal respiratory conditions characterized by airflow obstruction

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD

9

millions of hairlike cells lining the tracheobronchial tree

cilia

10

the solidification of portions of lung tissue as it fills up with infectious exudate, as in pneumonia

consolidation

11

coarse, crackling sensations palpable over the skin when air abnormally escapes from the lung and enters the subcutaneous tissue

crepitus

12

passageway that transports air but are not available for gaseous exchange

dead space

13

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by enlargement of alveoli distal to terminal bronchioles

emphysema

14

the narrow crack dividing the lobes of the lungs

fissure

15

a palpable vibration from the spoken voice felt over the chest wall

fremitus

16

increased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood

hypercapina

17

increased rate and depth of breathing

hyperventilation

18

decreased level of oxygen in the blood

hypoxemia

19

space between ribs

intercostal space

20

type of hyperventilation that occurs with diabetic ketoacidosis

Kussmaul respiration

21

sudden awakening from sleeping, with shortness of breath

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

22

striking over the chest wall with short, sharp blows of the fingers to determine the size and density of the underlying organ

percussion

23

abnormal fluid between the layers of the pleura

pleural effusion

24

refers to the soft, low pitched, normal breath sounds heard over peripheral lung fields

vesicular

25

sword shaped lower tip of the sternum

xiphoid process

26

acute chest pain that occurs when myocardial demand exceed its oxygen supply

angina pectoris

27

incompetent aortic valve that allows backward flow of blood into left ventricle during diastole

aortic regurgitation

28

calcification of aortic valve cusps that restricts forward flow of blood during systole

aortic stenosis

29

the left semilunar valve separating the left ventricle and the aorta

aortic valve

30

tip of the heart pointing down toward the 5th letter intercostal space

apex

31

point of maximal impulse, pulsation created as the left ventricle rotates against the chest walls during systole, normally at the 5th left intercostal space in the midclavicular line

apical impulse

32

broader area of hearts outline located at the 3rd right and left intercostal

base of heart

33

used to hear low pitched heart sounds

bell of stethoscope

34

slow heart rate

bradycardia

35

bulbous enlargement of distal phalanges of fingers and toes that occur with chronic cyanotic heart and lung conditions

clubbing

36

severe narrowing of the descending aorta, a congenital heart defect

coarctation of aorta

37

right ventricle hypertrophy and heart failure due to pulmonary hypertension

cor plumonale

38

used to hear relatively high pitched heart sounds

diaphragm of stethoscope

39

traditional ausculatotory area in the 3rd left intercostal space

erbs point

40

the addition f a 3rd or 4th heart sound

gallop rhythm

41

technique of moving stethoscope incrementally across the precordium through the auscultatory areas while listening to the heart sounds

inching

42

left atrioventtricular valve separating the left atrium and ventricle

mitral valve

43

opposite of normal split S2 so that the split is heard in expiration and in inspiration the sounds fuse to one sound

paradoxical splitting

44

normal varitation in S2 heard as two separate components during inspiration

physiological splitting

45

right semilunar valve separating the right verntrical and pulmonary artery

pulmonic valve

46

abnormal mid-diastolic heart sound heard when both the pathologic S3 and S4 are present

summation gallop

47

palpable vibration on the chest wall accompanying sever heart murmur

thrill

48

right atrioventricular valve separating the right atrium and ventricle

tricuspid valve

49

test that determines the patency of the radial and ulnar arteries by compressing one artery site and observing return of skin color was evidence of potency of the other artery

allen test

50

blowing, swooshing sound heard through a stethoscope when an artery is partially occluded

bruit

51

deficiency of arterial blood to a body part due to constriction of obstruction of a blood vessel

ischemia

52

viewing the finger from the side to detect early clubbing

profile sign

53

regular rhythm but force of pulse varies with alternating beats of large and small amplitude

pulsus alternans

54

irregular rhythm, every other beat is premature, premature beats have weaker amplitude

pulsus bigeminus

55

beats have weaker amplitude with respiratory inspiration, stronger with expiration

pulsus paradoxus

56

inflammation of the vein associated with thrombus formation

thrombophlebitis

57

dilated tortuous vends with incompetent valves

varicose veins

58

baldness, hair loss

alopecia

59

circular shape to skin lesion

annular

60

skin lesions that run together

confluent

61

scooped out, shallow depression in skin

erosion

62

self inflicted abrasion on skin due to scratching

excoriation

63

linear crack in skin extending into dermis

fissure

64

skin lesion due to benign proliferation of blood vessels in the dermis

hemangioma

65

target shaped skin lesion

iris

66

tightly packed set of papules that thickens skin, cause by prolonged intense scratching

lichenification

67

softening of tissue by soaking

maceration

68

nevus

mole

69

elevated skin lesion larger than 1 cm diameter

nodule

70

itching

pruritus

71

red purple skin lesion due to blood in tissues from breaks in blood vessels

purpura

72

skin lesion due to permanently enlarged and dilated blood vessels that are visible

telangiectasia

73

linear shape of skin lesion along a nerve route

zosteriform

74

increased in size of thyroid gland that occurs with hyperthyroidism

goiter

75

refers to abnormally large head

macrocephalic

76

head tilt due to shortening or spasm of one sternomastoid muscle

torticollis

77

adaption of the eye for near vision by increasing the curvature of the lens

accommodation

78

pupil does not react to light, does constrict with accommodation

argyll robertson pupil

79

refractive error of vision due to differences in curvature in refractive surfaces of the eye

astigmatism

80

outer fibrous rim encircling the eardrum

annulus

81

congenital absence or closure of ear canal

atresia

82

yellow waxy material that lubricates and protects the ear canal

cerumen

83

superior posterior free rim of the pinna

helix

84

sensory organ of hearing

organ of corti

85

pain in the ear

otalgia

86

ringing in the ears

tinnitus

87

canker sores

aphthous ulcers

88

decay in the teeth

caries

89

red scaling shallow painful fissures at corners of mouth

cheilitis

90

closure of nasal cavity due to congenital septum between nasal cavity and pharynx

choanal atresia

91

indentations on surface of tonsils

crypts

92

small blue white spots with red halo over oral mucosa, early sign of measles

koplik spots