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Flashcards in Test #3 Deck (179)
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1

5 types of degenerative disorders?

OA (DJD), Erosive OA, DISH, Neurotropic Arthropathy, Synoviochondrometaplasia

2

4 types of inflammatory disorders?

RA, JRA, SLE, Scleroderma

3

4 types of Rheumatoid variants of inflammatory disorders?

Ankylosis Spondylitis, Enteropathic Arthropathy, Psoriatic Arthropathy, Reiter's Syndrome

4

Rheumatoid variants will be positive for what & negative for what?

Positive for HLA-B27 & negative for RF

5

4 types of endocrine & metabolic related disorders?

Gout, CPPD crystal deposition disease (Pseudogout), calcium hydroxyapatite crystal deposition disease, ochronosis

6

2 types of primary synovial disorders?

Synoviochondrometaplasia & pigmented villonodular synovitis

7

2 types of infectious arthritis?

Pyogenic (septic) arthritis & non-pyogenic arthritis

8

Pyogenic arthritis is m/c caused by what organisms?

Staph. aureus

9

Non-pyogenic arthritis is m/c caused by what?

Tuberculosis

10

Motion at synarthrosis joint?

fixed or rigid

11

Motion at amphiarthrosis joint?

Slightly moveable

12

Motion at diarthrosis joint?

Freely moveable

13

Fibrous joints are composed of what type of tissue?

Interposed fibrous connective tissue

14

Cartilaginous joints are composed of what type of tissue?

Usually hyaline or fibrocartilage

15

Synovial joints are composed of what type of tissue?

Articular cavity is lined w/ synovial tissue

16

What is the procedure of choice for making diagnosis for arthritides?

Conventional Radiography

17

ABCDS of arthritis stands for what?

Alignment, Bony mineralization, Cartilage Space, Distribution, Soft Tissue

18

What type of imaging is used to evaluate degenerative & inflammatory changes in a joint & to document & assess spinal stenosis?

CT

19

What is bone scintigraphy used for?

Differentiate active disease from arthritis in remission

20

What is one use for MRI & arthritis?

Demonstrates rheumatoid nodules & synovial abnormalities

21

What is a negative for MRI & arthritis?

Can't distinguish b/w inflammatory & non-inflammatory fluid

22

What are routine lab studies for arthritis?

Auto antibodies (RF, ANA) Uric acid, ESR, C-Reactive protein

23

What labs are not part of a routine study?

Histocompatability antigen (HLA-B27, HLA-DR4) & joint fluid aspiration

24

According to Resnick, radiographic diagnosis is based on what 2 fundamental parameters?

Morphology & distribution

25

Radiographic presentation is dependent upon what?

Type & stage of the disease

26

What type of changes occur when articular cartilage is site of original insult?

Degenerative changes

27

What type of changes occur when synovial membrane is site of original insult?

Inflammatory changes

28

What are 4 morphologic changes seen on xray?

Abnormalities of opposing joint margins
Changes in the radiographic joint space
Malalignment
Evidence of intra-articular disease

29

What is (Willy) Sutton's Law?

When diagnosing, one should first consider the most obvious.

30

Types of appendicular arthritis from M/C to L/C?

OA
RA
CPPD
Gout
Septic artritis