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Flashcards in Test 5 Deck (80)
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Affirmative action

Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities. (379)

1

Authority

Institutionalized power that is recognized by the people over whom it is exercised. (366)

2

Capitalism

An economic system in which the means of production are held largely in private hands and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profits.

3

Charismatic authority

Power made legitimate by a leader's exceptional personal or emotional appeal to his or her followers. (367)

4

Color-blind racism

The use of the principle of race neutrality to define a racially unequal status quo. (379)

5

Communism

As an ideal type, an economic under which all property is communally owned and no social distinctions are made on the basis of people's ability to produce. (361)

6

Deindustrialization

The systematic, widespread withdrawal of investment in basic aspects of productivity, such as factories and plants. (378)

7

Democracy

In a literal sense, government by the people. (368)

8

Dictatorship

A government in which one person has nearly total power to make. And enforce laws. (367)

9

Downsizing

Reductions taken on a company's workforce as part of deindustrialization. (379)

10

Economic system

The social institution through which goods and services are produced, distributes, and consumed. (358)

11

Elite mode

A view of society as being ruled by a small number of individuals who share a common set of political and economic interest. (372)

12

Force

The actual or threatened use of coercion to impose ones will on others. (365)

13

Industrial society

A society that depends on mechanization to produce goods and services. (359)

14

Influence

The exercise of power through a process of persuasion. (366)

15

Informal economy

Transfers of money, goods, or services that are not reported to the government. (362)

16

Laissez-faire

A form of capitalism under which people compete freely, with minimal intervention from the government. (359)

17

Microfianinacing

Lending small sums of money to the poor so they can work ther way out of poverty. (377)

18

Monarchy

A form of government headed by a single member of a royal family, usually a king, queen, or some other hereditary ruler. (367)

19

Monopoly

Control of a market by a single business firm. (360)

20

Oligarchy

A form of government in which a few individuals rule. (367)

21

Peace

The absence of war, or more broadly, a proactive effort to develop cooperative relations among nations. (374)

22

Pluralist model

A view of society in which many competing groups within a community have access to government, so that no single groupies dominant. (373)

23

Political model

A social institution that is founded on a recognized set of procedures for implementing and achieving society's goals. (358)

24

Politics

In Harold Lasswell's words, "who gets what, when, and how." (365)

25

Power

The ability to exercise one's will over others. (365)

26

Power elite

A small group of military, industrial, and government leaders who control the fate of the United States. (372)

27

Rational-legal authority

Power made legitimate by law.(367)

28

Representative democracy

A form of government in which certain individuals are selected to speak for the people. (368)

29

Socialism

An economic system under which the means of production and distribution are collectively owned. (361)