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Flashcards in The Bureaucracy Deck (29):
1

Secretary of Defense

Administer of the Department of Defense

2

Joint Chiefs of Staff

The five military services have chiefs of staff and each chief of staff works together with the others

3

Bureaucratic Structure

Order of Departments (In order of Importance):
Department of State
Department of the Treasury
Department of Defense
Department of Justice
Department of the Interior
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Labor
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Department of Transportation
Department of Energy
Department of Education
Department of Veterans' Affairs
Department of Homeland Security

4

Senior Executive Service

Are supposed to be responsive to the policy goals of the White House and help bureaucrats implement the chief executive's policy preferences

5

{Independent} Regulatory Agencies

Act as the watchdogs of the federal government

6

Quasi-Legislative Agencies

Independent agencies who have the responsibility for filling in the gaps left by lawmakers and are given the power to write rules that apply to their jurisdictional area

7

Quasi-Judicial Agencies

Responsible for rule enforcement and punishing violators in their jurisdictional area

8

Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

Responsible for preventing fraud in the marketplace by preventing price fixing and deceptive advertising

9

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

Protects investors by regulating stock markets and policing corporations to prevent false and misleading claims of profits in an effort to increase stock prices

10

Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)

Controls how electric power companies design, build, and operate nuclear reactors

11

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

Responsible for assigning broadcast frequencies, for licensing radio and television stations, and for regulating the use of wireless communication devices

12

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Responsible for ensuring the health of the American people by inspecting the food supply for contaminants or spoilage and is also responsible for regulating the sale of over-the-counter drugs and patent medicines

13

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Responsible for preventing price fixing and price manipulation in electric utilities, interstate oil and gas pipelines, and natural gas suppliers

14

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

Responsible for ensuring workers are employed in a safe work environment

15

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Enforces the environmental laws passed by Congress (one of the most controversial government bureaucracies)

16

1970 Clean Air Act

Intent of the law was to reduce automobile pollution and increase automobile gasoline mileage (Law eventually won over the industry)

17

Endangered Species Act

Intended to protect endangered wildlife habitats from human encroachment

18

Equal Employment Opportunities Commission (EEOC)

Responsible for enforcing the anti-discrimination laws of the U.S.

19

Americans With Disabilities Act

Prevents states from discriminating against those who have disabilities

20

Federal Reserve Board (The Fed)

Regulates banks, the value and supply of money, and interest rates

21

Iron Triangles

Consists of:
-A single interest group that promotes one interest
-The Congressional Committee that looks over that interest
-The Bureaucracy that enforces that interest

22

Alliance/Issue Network

The political process in which the members of the Iron Triangle work together in order to create policy

23

Civil Aeronautics Board

Responsible for regulating the airline industry (Deregulated)

24

Interstate Commerce Commission

Regulated railroads and the trucking industry (Deregulated)

25

Deregulation

The removal of government restrictions and regulations

26

Quasi-Legislative Function

The writing and publishing of rules by a regulatory agency

27

Civil Service

Awards positions to those who are most qualified, not to those who are simply receiving the position through the Spoils System

28

Pendleton Act

Allowed the handing out of government jobs in exchange for political support (Spoils System)

29

Hatch Act of 1939

Permits bureaucrats the right to vote but not to actively campaign for political candidates, work for parties, or run for office (In 1993 bureaucrats were allowed to join political parties, make campaign contributions, and display political advertisement (Buttons and Bumper Stickers))