The Changing Economic World: Nigeria Case Study Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Changing Economic World: Nigeria Case Study Deck (21):
1

Where is Nigeria located?

-West Africa

-Borders Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon

-Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean

-Capital city: Abuja - located in central Nigeria

2

What is the global importance of Nigeria?

•In 2014 it became the world's 21st largest economy

•12th largest producer of oil

•Lagos is 4th most densely populated city in the world

•United Nations role, 5th largest contributor to peacekeeping

•NEE

3

How important is Nigeria to Africa?

•Has the highest GDP and farm output in Africa

•Could lead Africa to development as it's a UN contributor and has a high employment rate

•NEE

4

Describe the POLITICAL contact of Nigeria within a world context

•Became independent from UK in 1960

•Political instability affected Nigeria’s development and led to corruption

•Has had a stable government since 1999

•Several countries are starting to invest (inc. China, America)

5

Describe the SOCIAL contact of Nigeria within a world context

•Multi-ethnic, multi-faith country, this is a strength but has causes civil war previously

•Ethnic groups: Yoruba (21%), Hausa (29%), Fulani (29%), Igbo (18%)

•Economic inequality between the north and south has led to tensions
which have a negative impact on the economy

7

Describe the ENVIRONMENTAL contact of Nigeria within a world context

•Decreasing rainfall towards the north in West Africa

SOUTH:
•high temperatures and high annual rainfall

•Mostly covered by forests

•The Tsetse fly spread a lethal parasite that prevents farmers keeping livestock

8

Describe the CULTURAL contact of Nigeria within a world context

•Nigerian music is enjoyed across the continent

•Nollywood is the second largest film industry in the world

•Nigerian football team won the African Cup of Nations 3 times

9

Describe the changing industrial structure within Nigeria

•Employment in agriculture decreasing–increasing use of farm
machinery, better pay and conditions in other sectors

•Increased employment in oil production and manufacturing industries

•Growth of communications, retail and finance in service sector

10

Explain how manufacturing can stimulate economic growth within Nigeria

•10% of Nigeria’s GDP is from manufacturing

•Regular paid work gives people a more secure income, so people will spend more (multiplier effect)

•Manufacturing industries stimulate growth for other companies

•Attracts foreign investment

•Oil processing has led to growth in chemical industries

11

What is at Transnational Corporation?

A company that has operations in more than one country. Many TNCs are large and have well-known brands.

12

What are the ADVANTAGES of TNCs?

•Companies provide employment and develop new skills

•Investment by companies helps infrastructure and education

•Valuable export revenues are earned

13

What are the DISADVANTAGES of TNCs?

•Local workers are sometimes poorly paid

•Working conditions are sometimes poor

•High paid jobs often go to foreign employees

•Much of the profits go abroad

14

Explain the ADVANTAGES of TNCs in Nigeria, using the case study Shell in the Niger Delta

•Major contributor to taxes

•Provided direct employment for 65,000 Nigerian workers

•Provided 250,000 job indirectly

•91% of all contacts are with Nigerian companies

15

Explain the DISADVANTAGES of TNCs in Nigeria, using the case study Shell in the Niger Delta

•Oil spills have caused water pollution and soil degradation which effects farming

•Frequent oil flares send toxic gases into the air

•Oil theft costs TNCs and the government billions of dollars per year

16

How have Nigeria's exports changed over time?

-Until 2013, USA was Nigeria's biggest customer for crude oil

-Due to recent development of shale oil in the USA, demand for Nigerian oil has fallen

-India is now Nigeria's biggest customer for crude oil

-Between 2013-14, exports of crude oil to India, China, Japan and South Korea increased by 40%

17

Different types of aid

Emergency (short-term) aid– resources given to help after a natural disaster

Development (long-term) aid– financial aid given to developing countries by charities to improve the quality of life

18

How does aid benefit Nigeria? (Use a case study)

The UK Department for International Development has funded a health and HIV programme, providing health education in rural areas.

19

Environmental impacts of economic development: INDUSTRY

•Industrial pollutants go into the water channels

•Poisonous gases can lead to respiratory problems

•70-80% of Nigeria’s forests have been destroyed

20

Environmental impacts of economic development: URBAN GROWTH

•Waste disposal is a major issue

•Traffic congestion has caused high levels of exhaust emissions

•Rich natural vegetation has been replaced by concrete

21

Environmental impacts of economic development: DEFORESTATION

•Water pollution, soil erosion and silting of river channels due to chemicals

•Building settlements and roads have destroyed habitats and added to CO2 emissions

•Many species have died out due to deforestation

22

Environmental impacts of economic development: MINING AND OIL

•Tin mining led to soil erosion

•Oil spills can cause fires and send CO2 into the atmosphere