The Client Who Abuses Food Unit 3 (1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Client Who Abuses Food Unit 3 (1) Deck (19):
1

Anorexia Nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by self-starvation, weigh loss below normal weight, intense fear ofbeing fat even when emaciated. Distorted body image an ammenorrhea in females.

2

Bulimia Nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of bingeeating subjectively experienced as out of control, followed by an inappropriate compensatory behavior to prevent weight gain such as self-induced vomiting, overuseof laxatives, diuretics, diet pills, fasting, or excessive exercise

3

Body weight AN

minimal normal weight not maintained; body weight less than 85% of that expected

4

Body weight BN

Slightly over, slightly under weight - more towards normal weight

5

Sexuality AN

little interest in sex, absence of at least 3 consecutive periods

6

Sexuality BN

promiscuous as a result of poor impulse control

7

Body Image AN

Disturbed/Distorted

8

Body Image BN

Normal body image

9

Personality type AN

meek, compliant, model child, perfectionist, over-achiever, overly sensitive, fears independence, fears sexual relationships, resists growing up and maturing

10

Personality type BN

extroverted, angry, labile, impulsive (involved with shoplifting, substance abuse)

11

Insight AN

poor insight, denies hunger, rigid conrol over amount and type of food eaten, total lack of concern about symptoms

12

Insight BN

aware that behavior is abnormal, feelings of loss of control followed by remorse

13

Attitude towards treatment AN

resistant

14

Attitude towards treatment BN

seeks treatment

15

Mortality Rate BN

Death rare

16

Mortality Rate AN

10-20% die, half of deaths are due to suicide

17

Risk factors associated with an individual developing an eating disorder

  1. Genetics
  2. Neuroendocrine Abnormalities
  3. Neurochemical Influences
  4. Disturbance in mother-infant interactions
  5. Conflict avoidance
  6. Power and Control

18

Symptoms AN

  1. Gross distortion of body image
  2. Preoccupation with food
  3. Refusal to eat
  4. Intense fear of gaining weight/becoming fat
  5. Significantly low weight (weight that is less than minimally normal)

19

Symptoms BN

  1. Recurrent episodes of binge eating
  2. Recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviors in order to prevent weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting,misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or other medications, fasting, or excessive exercise
  3. Binge/Compensatory behaviors occur at least once a week for 3 months