Vocab Unit 1 (2) Flashcards Preview

Semester Three - Half One - Nursing 211 > Vocab Unit 1 (2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Unit 1 (2) Deck (36):
1

Milieu Therapy

A scientific structuring of the environment in order to effect behavioral changes and to improve the psychological health and functioning of the individual

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Pyschotherapy

Purpose is to assist the client to more effectively deal with emotional and social problems. May be a nurse, social worker, psychologist or psychiatrist.

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Mood

An individual's sustained emotional tone, which significantly influencs behavior, personality, and perception

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Congruence with mood affect

Outward emotional expression is consistent with mood

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Constricted or Blunted Affect

Minimal outward emotional expression is observed

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Flat Affect

There is an absence of outward emotional expression

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Appropriate Affect

The outward emotional expression is what would be expected in a certain situation (crying upon hearing of a death)

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Inappropriate Affect

The outward emotional expression is incompatible with the situation (laughing upon hearing of a death

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Depressed Mood

  1. An overwhelming feeling of sadness
  2. Loss of interest in regular activities

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Irritable Mood

Easily annoyed and provoked to anger

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Anxious Mood

Demonstrates or verbalizes feeling of apprehension

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Elated Mood

  1. Expresses feelings of joy and intense pleasure
  2. Is intensely optimistic

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Euphoric Mood

  1. Demonstrates a heightened sense of elation
  2. Expresses feelings of grandeur

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Fearful Mood

Demonstrates or verbalizes feeling of apprehension associated with real or perceived danger

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Guilty Mood

  1. Expresses a feeling of discomfort associated with real or perceived wrongdoing
  2. May be associated with feelings of sadness and despair

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Labile Mood

Exhibits mood swings that range from euphoria to depression or anxiety

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Persecutory Delusion

A belief that someone is out to get him or her in some way

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Grandoise Delusion

An idea that he or she is all-powerful or of great importance

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Reference Delusion

An idea that whatever is happening in the environment is about him or her

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Control or Influence Delusion

A belief that his or her behavior and thoughts are being controlled by external forces

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Somatic Delusion

A belief that he or she has a dysfunctional body part

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Nihilistic Delusion

A belief that he or she, a part of the body, or even the world does not exist or has been destroyed

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Contents of thought

  1. Delusions
  2. Suicidal or Homicidal ideas
  3. Obsessions
  4. Paranoia/suspiciousness
  5. Magical Thinking
  6. Religioisity 
  7. Phobias
  8. Poverty of content (little information conveyed by the client because of vagueness or sterotypical statements or cliches)

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Insight

  1. Ability to solve problems and make decisions
  2. Knowledge about self
  3. Adaptive/maladaptive use of coping strategies and ego defense mechanisms

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Flight of ideas 

Verbalizations are continous and rapid and flow from one to another

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Associative looseness

Verbalizations shift from one unrelated topic to another

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Circumstantiality

Verbilizations are lengthy and tedious and because of numerous details, are delayed reaching the intended point

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Tangentiality

Verbalizations are lengthy and tedious and never reach an intended point

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Neologisms

The individual is making up nonsensical sounding words, which only have meaning to him or her

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Concrete thinking

  1. Thinking is literal, elemental
  2. Absence of ability to think abstractly
  3. Unable to translate simple proverbs

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Clang associations

Speaking in puns of rhymes; using words that sound alike but have different meanings

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Word Salad

Using a mixture of words that have no meaning together; sounding incoherent

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Perseveration

Persistently repeating the last word of a sentence spoken to the client

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Echolalia

Persistently repeating what another person says

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Mutism

Does not speak (either cannot or will not

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Poverty of speech

Speaks very little, may respond in monosyllables