Unit 1 Ego Defense Mechanisms Flashcards Preview

Semester Three - Half One - Nursing 211 > Unit 1 Ego Defense Mechanisms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1 Ego Defense Mechanisms Deck (16):
1

Repression

Involuntarily blocking unpleasant feelings and experiences from one's awareness

Ex: An accident victim can remember nothing about the accdient

2

Denial

Refusing to acknowledge the existence of a real situation or the feelings associated with it

Ex. A woman drinks alcohol every day and cannot stop, failing to acknowledge that she has a problem.

3

Introjection

Integrating the beliefs and values of another individual into one's own ego structure

Ex. Children integrate their parents' value system into the process of conscience formation. A child says to a friend "Don't Cheat; it's wrong."

4

Undoing

Symbolically negating or canceling out an experience that one finds intolerable

Ex. Joe is nervous about his job and yells at his wife. On his way home he stops and buys her some flowers

5

Isolation

Separating a thought or memory from the feeling tone or emotion associated with it.

Ex. Without showing any emotion, a young woman describes being attacked and raped. 

6

Suppression

The voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences from one's awareness

Ex. "I don't want to think about that now. I'll think about that tomorrow."

7

Projection

Attributing feelings or impulses unacceptable to one's self to another person

Ex. Sue feels a strong sexual attraction to her track coach and tells her friend, "He's coming on to me!"

8

Rationalization

Justification of unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or actions by acribing to them acceptable or worthwhile motives

Ex. One does something and unconsciously states or uses an acceptable reason for the action.

9

Conversion

The unconscious process in which a repressed conflict is manifested as a disguised and symbolic somatic symptom

Ex. Girl can suddenly not speak when asked about past abuse

10

Regression

The return to an earlier level of emotional adjustment, and the use of behaviors consistent with that level of development

Ex. Toilet trained child temporily loses the ability after his newborn brother is brought home from the hospital

11

Compensation

Attempting to make up for a real or imagined defect in the self by excelling in another area of life.

Ex. Short statue man behaving bold and aggressively

12

Reaction Formation

Development of overt behaviors or attitudes in precisely the opposite direction of the individual's underlying unacceptable feelings, wishes, or desires

Ex. A mother who feels hostile and rejecting of her child may express overprotection of her child

13

Dissociation

A portion of the persnality that cannot be tolerated or accepted by the invidual's conscious self is split off from awareness

14

Identification

Unconscious process of becoming like another person by taking on the characteristics of that person's personality

15

Sublimation

Transformation of psychic energy associated with sexual and/or aggressive drives into conscious constructive or productive activities

Ex. Adolescent becomes a very competitive soccer player

16

Displacement

The transfer of emotion from a person to another person or object to alleviate anxiety

Ex. A girl who is angry with her boyfriend may go to her room and rip up his letter sweater. She is displacing her anger on to the letter sweater.