Flashcards in THE DECHRISTIANISATION CAMPAIGN AND THE FALL OF ROBESPIERRE Deck (54)
28 March 1792
Legislative Assembly votes to reinstate the political rights of free blacks
4 February 1794
National Convention votes for the abolition of slavery
When did sans-culottes ignore Heberts call for popular uprising, in accordance with the will of Robespierre?
4 February 1794
13 March 1794
Convention passes the Decree on Conspiracies. Hebert and his followers under arrest.
24 March 1794
What was a significant consequence of the execution of the Hebertists?
Robespierre looses the support of the sans-culottes (despite temporarily consolidating his power)
How did Danton and Robespierre disagree on the Terror in late 1793?
Danton wanted to bring an end to the Terror. Robespierre wanted to further it to achieve the Republic of Virtue.
The Vieux Cordelier: "You want to remove all your enemies
by means of the guillotine! Has there ever been a greater folly?'
26 March 1794
5 April 1794
Danton, Desmoulins guillotined
What did Furet say of the purges of the Hebertists and Dantonists?
"The purges of the Dantonists effectively reduced revolutionary Paris to silence and reinforced the power of the Committee of Public Safety."
26 June 1794
French military victory; full withdrawal of Coalition forces; no justification for the Terror.
How did Louis Madelin describe Paris under Robespierre's rule?
'Fear was on every side...The dreary city waited.'
How does McPhee regard the perspective as Robespierre as a dictator?
He cannot be regarded as a dictator, nor can the CoPs; they had their powers monthly renewed, Robespierre was a part of 12
What were some of the democratic and liberal reforms passed in the early months of 1794?
State education for all children, pensions for windows, benefits for the ill, abolition of slavery.
Who according to Furet who held power in the National Convention after the Thermodrian Reaction?
"The very essence and logic of the bourgeois revolution."
What was the movement of the wealthy bourgeois after the Thermidorian reaction?
'Guilded youth' anti-Jacobins go around being violent and such
What legal repeals were made in August 1794?
Repeal Law of 22 Prairial, reorganisation of Revolutionary Tribunal, Abolition of Paris Commune. All those who did not come under the jurisdiction of the Law of Suspects should be freed.
When was the Law of Suspects abolished?
End of 1794
What occurred on 5 December 1794?
Resurgence of Jacobins; journey shows support for radicalisation
What occurred on 12 November 1794?
Closure of the Jacobin club
When was 'Carrier' the Butcher of Nantes guillotined?
16 December 1794
Where and why did the White Terror occur?
South east France, execution of Robespierrists gives rise to retaliation against local Jacobins. Populations took revenge for the excesses of the terror, destruction of trade and persecution of Catholics.
Where and what did the Company of the Sun do?
In Marseilles, Aix, and Orange, they attacked and killed anyone associated with carrying out the terror.
What did Rude say of the Company of Jesus?
'Flung the bodies of their victims..into the Rhone, and prisoners were massacred wholesale in jail and on their way to prison; while in other southern cities...indiscriminately murdered 'terrorists', 'patriots of 1789' - and most eagerly of all, purchasers of former Church properties.'
When was freedom of (private ) religious practice extended to Catholics? What was the response?
September 1794. Catholics were not placated and Jacobin murders increased.
What did the Convention do to placate the people?
Sent a representative on mission, Freron.
Approximately how many people were killed in the White Terror from April to May 1795?
Where did counter-revolutionaries rise up? What were they called?
Vendee, Brittany. They were called chouans, and led by Jean Couttereau.