Flashcards in War and Its Impact on the New Society Deck (52)
When was the Mantua Conference and what was decided in it?
Spring 1791, that the European leaders were to aid Louis.
When and who issued the Padua Circular?
6 July 1791, Leopold the Austrian Emperor.
What did the Padua Circular call for?
Co-operation to 'restore the liberty and honour of the Mot Christian King and his family.' To protect the King if crimes were committed against him.
What was issued on 27 August 1791?
The Declaration of Pillnitz
Who issued the Declaration of Pillnitz and what was stated in it?
Emperor Leopold of Austria and Frederick of Prussia. Threatened that unless Louis' power was restored the Europeans would unite and take up arms.
Increased the prospect of war.
Why was there support for the war?
Unite the French people, spread the flame of revolution.
What formed from a split in the Jacobin club in early 1792?
The Brissotins, moved rom seperate premises.
When was the fall in influence of the Feuillants shown? Why did this happen?
9 March 1792: Dismissed from Kings ministry and replaced by Brissotins. The Feuillants were dismissed due to them being accused of treason by the Assembly.
Who become Minister of the Interior and Minister for Foreign Affairs after 9 March 1792?
When did the Legislative Assembly almost unanimously declare war on Austria?
20 April 1792
Why did Louis support the war?
If France lost he would be restored. If Austria lost he would have shown himself to be a true supporter.
Why was the beginning of the war effort disastrous?
Untrained officers. Over 3000, a third of the officer corps had emigrated. Many troops were undisciplined and did not trust their officers.
Defective equipment and short supply of ammunition.
Why were economic problems occurring in France, who was blamed for it?
1791 harvest was poor leading to inflation.
Deregulation of the grain trade.
Counter-revolutionaries were blamed.
Besides the court, who came under attack in Paris?
Rich members of the bourgeoisie for hoarding their wealth and depriving the masses of food.
What did Heberts newspaper, Le Pere Duchesne, call on the sans-culottes to do?
Attack those in power as a patriotic duty.
Who was Jacques Roux and what program did he advocate?
Leader of Enragés, demanded that those who deprived the poor of food be brought to justice, right to subsistence.
What had caused the National Guard to become a more militant force?
Opened up to passive citizens.
What happened on 8 June 1792?
Assembly publishes a decree forming the Fédérés, enlisted further 20,000 men to defend the capital and allow soldiers to be released at the front.
How did the Brissotins and the King see the Federes?
Brissotins saw them as defenders of Paris, to Louis they represented a force which might be used against him.
Why did Louis dismiss Roland and Girondin ministers?
On 13 June 1792, Roland write a threatening letter in response to the Kings ability to delay two important decrees. (Formation of the Federes and decrees issued to deport non-during priests)
What was the view of the Kings ability to veto in June 1792?
Seen as toxic and treasonous.
How many demonstrators marched to the Hotel de Ville on the protest of 20 June 1792?
Where did protestors move from the Assembly on the protest of 20 June?
The Tuileries Palace
How did the King emerge from the 20th of June?
Popular. He remained calm and put on his red hat, although did not capitulate to the crowds demands.
Why were there protests on 20 June?
INSTIGATED BY CORDELIERS. Demanded the recall of the Brissotin/Girondin ministry and condemned the kings power of veto.
What were the consequences of the protest of 20 June?
A petition with 20,000 signatures condemned the demonstration at the Tuileries was presented at the Assembly. Lafayette was supported in his speech which condemned the protest. Pétion was suspended from his post. Pro-royalist members of the National Guard volunteered at the Tuileries.
When was the La Patrie en Danger decreed?
11 July 1792
What was in the La Patrie en Danger?
Assembly declared France in danger and that all citizens must sacrifice themselves for its defence. 'Make haste citizens, save liberty and avenge your glory.'
When did the Assembly issue the order for pikes to be made and distributed to citizens? Who did this increase the threat to?
1 August 1792. Increased the threat to the royals, non-during clergy, nobility, those who did not show open patriotism.