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Imaging (SE) > The Knee > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Knee Deck (8)
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Why is the knee so frequently injured?

Great stability and mobility, as well as compromised location between the two longest bones in the body


What 3 pathologies are visualized by radiographs?

1. Fractures
2. Dislocations
3. Arthritis


What 4 pathologies are visualized by CT scans?

a. Image of choice when structural or spatial information about the bones and joint articulation is needed

1. Complex fractures
2. Tibial plateaus fracture depression
3. Articular defects
4. Fragmentation


What is the primary indication for using MRI at the knee?

Assessment of internal structures including articular cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and menisci


What 3 pathologies are visualized by MRI scans?

1. Injuries to ligaments, menisci, articular cartilage
2. Osteochondral fractures
3. Osteochondritis dissecans


What is considered the first line examination at the knee?

Ultrasound conjunction to radiography (x-ray)


What are 3 primary pathologies visualized by US at the knee?

1. Extensor mechanism
2. Joint effusion
3. Popliteal cyst


What 4 views/projections make up the routine radiologic examination of the knee?

1. Anterior posterior
2. Lateral
3. Intercondylar fossa (tunnel) view
4. Tangential patellofemoral (sunrise) view