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Flashcards in The New Deal Deck (34):
1

What was the AAA?

Agricultural adjustment act

2

What did the AAA do?

Paid farmers to grow less crops so that the prices would go up

3

What was destroyed during the AAA and why was this criticised?

Some food was also destroyed (6 million piglets killed)
People thought this was wrong when Americans were starving

4

Between 1932 and 1935 how much did total farming income
Rise by?

$4.5 billion to $6.9 billion

5

What was FERA?

Federal Emergency Relief Administration

6

What did FERA do?

Had $500 million to be used to help unemployment in each state run by Harry Hopkins

7

What was the problem with FERA?

Some of the unemployed were poorly treated e.g. Made to stand in long queues in very hot weather

8

What was the CWA?

Civil Works Administration

9

What did the CWA do?

Set up to provide emergency help in the winter of 1933

10

How many people worked on buildings projects In the CWA?

4 million before it was closed down in spring

11

What was the CCC?

Civilian Conservation Crops

12

What did the CCC do?

Gave unemployed men ages 17-24 work in national forests and parks

3 million men involved in total, gave experience and training

13

How many trees did the CCC plant?

1.3 billion

14

What were the men of the CCC given?

Lived in camps, given food, shelter and a small wage

15

What was the negative of the CCC?

It mostly helped white men

16

What was the NRA?

National Recovery Administration

17

Why was the NRA set up?

To help improve working conditions e.g. Fair wages, get rid of children working

18

What did the NRA do?

Wrote 557 codes that businesses were meant to follow

19

What was the PWA?

Public Works Administration

20

What did the PWA do?

Had $3.3 billion to spend on buildings projects to provide jobs

21

How many roads and schools was the PWA responsible for building?

50,000 miles of road
13,000 schools

22

What is the WPA?

Works Progress Administration

23

What was the WPA set up to do?

Provide work through projects

24

How many people did WPA help at a time and how long for?

Usually had about 2 million workers at a time with a 1 year contract

25

What was the TVA?

Tennessee Valley Authority

26

What was the TVA's purpose?

1933 One of the biggest Schemes
Wanted to build 20 dams through Tennessee to make the land better for farming

27

What was a bonus of the TVA?

Put hydroelectric power into an area with little electricity before

28

What the the HOLC?

Home Owners Land Corporation

29

What did the HOLC do?

Gave loans to home buyers
300,000 were given each year so people could afford to buy homes

30

What was the Social Security Act?

Gave old age pensions and unemployment money for the first time
Helped the disabled and children in need

31

What were the unemployment benefits of the Social Security Act?

$18 a week for 16 weeks

32

What was the national labour relations act?

1935

Replaces the NRA
Protected workers rights to Join a trade union

33

What was the soil conservation act?

1935
Replaced AAA
Allowed government to continue subsidising farmers

34

What is the national housing act?

Proved loans to buy houses
Reduced excessive rent