the structure and functions of the skeleton Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in the structure and functions of the skeleton Deck (13):
1

what are the functions of the skeleton ?

-support for muscles and vital organs
-protection of vital organs
-movement
-shape and structure
-blood cell production
-storage of minerals

2

what are articulating bones ?

bones that meet at a joint to allow movement
e.g hips, pelvis , femur

3

4 types of bones ? and movements they allow ?

flat - nealy no movement
long - gross movement
short - smaller movement
irregular bones - shaped to protect not move

4

what is the name for the muscle and skeletal system combined ?

musculoskeletal

5

what are synovial joints ?

also known as freely moveable joints, most common joint in the body e.g knee

6

types of freely moveable joints ?

ball and socket
hinge joints

7

what is flexion ?

movement that causes an decrease in the angle of the bone at the joint

8

what is extension ?

movement that causes an increase in the angle of the bone at the joint

9

what is abduction ?

movement of a bone or limb away from the midline of the body

10

what is adduction ?

movement of the bone or limb towards the midline of the body

11

what is rotation ?

circular movement around a joint (axis)

12

what is plantar flexion ?

movement at the ankle joint that points the toes and increases the angle at the ankle joint

13

what is dorsiflexion ?

movement at the ankle joint that flexes the toes and decreases the angle at the ankle joint