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Flashcards in The Union Divied: The Civil War Deck (18)
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First Battle of Bull Run

early Civil War engagement ending in defeat of the Union army
Attempt to quickly attack the Confederacy's capital at Richmond (Lincoln's idea)
Made northerners realize that the Confederacy would not be easily defeated


Emancipation Proclamation

Proclamation that freed slaves in the south were controlled by the Union army
Executive decision by Lincoln
Committed the north to abolition
Gave Northerners a reason to continue fighting
Increased support of free blacks (ex. 54th MA Infantry)
Gave the Union English support


Battle of Gettysburg

The bloodiest battle
Southern defeat was the beginning of the end to the Confederacy
Union army was led by Gen. George Meade



VA courthouse where Gen. Lee surrendered Confederate forces


Robert E. Lee

Leader if the Confederate army
Mexican War veteran
Superior to the Union's Winfield Scott


Fort Sumter

Fort South Carolinians wanted the Union to surrender in the Charleston Harbor
South Carolinians fired on Buchanan's unarmed merchant ship (not navy)
Start of Civil War (Lincoln said he would do anything to preserve the Union)


The Crittenden Plan

-KY's John Crittenden's attempt to create a compromise between North and South after incident at Ft. Sumter
- proposed that the government guarantee slavery wherever it already existed
- extended MO Compromise (36' 30) to the Pac
- rejected by republican congress because it contradicted the "free soil" plan which Lincoln was elected on


Four Upper South states that didn't secede



Foreign affairs in the Confederacy

Thought that France and Britain would come to their aid- economically destroy the north- didn't happen because the two nations opposed the slave system

Overestimated Britain's dependency on southern cotton because when they threatened to cut off trade, Europe turned to India for cotton


Anaconda plan

Winfield Scott's response to the loss at the 1BBR
Issued a blockade on southern ports (crucial move as the war progressed)
Also planned to control the Mississippi River (accomplished by Grant at the Battle of Vicksburg)
Forced the Confederacy to start printing their own money without a stable backing


Union victories/strategies

Won 2BBR
Gen. George McClellan (wanted to attack Confederacy from the west)
Gen. Grant led victories in TN


Battle of Shiloh

Bloodies battle in American history at the time
McClellan developed a reputation of hesitancy (even though it was necessary for that situation)



Confederate's ironclad ship
Released shortly after the Union released theirs (The Monitor)
Attempt to out smart the Union blockade
Went to battle with the Monitor but neither ship did much damage to the other


Problem with states' rights

The Confederacy attempted to est. conscription laws for the desperately needed man power for the army but this idea led to fervent rejection


Union draft

Men 20-45 (like the confederacy)
Dodged by the rich by hiring substitutes or paying a 300$ fee
Since poorer families, specifically the Irish, couldn't afford to avoid draft so riots broke out



Additional currency printed by the Union that was NOT backed by gold
Invalid after the war


Martial Law

Executive order in parts of KY because of the large amount of Copperheads (northern democrats who opposed the war)
Caused trial-less imprisonments and even led to the deportation of copperheads from the north
Coincided with Lincoln's suspension of habeas corpus


Sherman's March to the Sea

Union commanders scorched earth method to attack the south and destroy railways all the way to Atlanta
His victory guaranteed Lincoln's victory against democrat, McClellan in 1864