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Flashcards in theme one Deck (176)
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1

GNI per capita is

gross national inome per person. the total value of all the goods and services a country produces (GDP) plus the net income it recives from other countries divided by the population of the country

2

MEDC means

more economically developed country

3

LEDC means

less economically developed country

4

LIC means

low income country

5

MIC means

middle income country

6

NIC means

newly industrialised country

7

GDP per capita is

gross domestic product. the total value of all the goods and services produced in a country in one year divided by all the people living in that country.

8

birth rate

the average number of live births per 1000 people in a country per year

9

by 2017, a country was classified as an HIC by the world bank if its GNI per capita was above
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

$12,476

10

by 2017, a country was classified as an MIC by the world bank if its GNI per capita was between

$1026 and $12,475

11

by 2017, a country was classified as an LIC by the world bank if its GNI per capita was below
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

$1025

12

what is the worlds population expected to reach by 2024 (as predicted by the UN)

8 billion people

13

death rate is

the average number of deaths for every 1000 people in a country per year

14

fertility rate is

the number of live births per 1000 women of child bearing age group (aged 15-49)

15

sustainability definition

the ability of an area or country to continue to thrive indefinitely by maintaining both its economic viability and its natural environment, while meeting the needs of both its present and future generations by limiting the depletion of its resources.

16

how much of the world's population is in asia

60%

17

reasons for rapid population growth 1750-1900

improvements in farming techiques
improvements in public health care
improved water supply

18

urbanisation is

the increase in the amount of number of people living in towns and cities, causing urban areas to grow.

19

susbistence agriculture is

growing enough to feed your family, with little or no extra to sell for cash

20

over population is

a country or region that does not have enough resources to keep all of its people at a reasonable standard of living

21

under population is

when there are not enough people living in a region or country to make full use of the resources at a given level of technology

22

factors that contributed to a reduced birth rate

access to contraception - family size could be planned
increases in wages - families were better off and no longer required their children to generate income
increased urbanisation - children were not needed as much for work as they were in rural farming families
improvement in the status and education of women

23

factors that contributed to a reduced death rate

improvements in health care and nutrition
a reduction in subsistence agriculture
increases in wages

24

causes of over population

water
food
environment

25

social factors that can lead to a change in population size

healthcare, lifestyle, education and migration

26

economic factors that can lead to a change in population size

availability of employment and wage levels which can trigger migration.

27

political factors that can lead to a changein population size

gov policies
civil war

28

natural increase is

the birth rate exceeds the death rate and the population grows

29

replacement level is

the average number of children born per woman at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next.

30

why has fertility rate decreased

advances in fertility treatment
rising costs in child rearing
high levels of women in education