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Flashcards in Theories of Development Deck (10):
1

What do theories do?

-Provide hypotheses
-generate discoveries (results)
-offer practical guidance

2

Psychoanalytical Theory

emphasizes that human actions and thoughts originate from unconscious impulses and childhood conflict (Freud)

3

What are the 3 sexual stages Freud theorized about childhood developmental stages?

Oral, anal, and phallic

Then after latency, the genital stage

4

Behaviorism

A grand theory of human development that studies observational behavior AKA learning theory because it describes the laws and processes by which behavior is learned

5

Cognitive Theory

thoughts and expectations profoundly affect attitudes, beliefs, values, assumptions, and actions (focuses on changes in how people think over time)

6

Who was the 1st major cognitive theorist?

Jean Piaget

7

Piaget says cognitive development occurs in 4 stages which include:

1.) Sensorimotor
2.) Preopperational
3.) Concrete Operational
4.) Formal Operational

8

Sensorimotor Stage

infants use senses and motor abilities to understand the world. Learning is active without reflection

9

Vygotsky

Sociocultural theory-human development results from the dynamic interaction between developing persons and their surroundings society

10

Maslows hierarchy of needs

1. Physiological
2. Safety
3. Love and belonging
4. Esteem
5. Self-actualization