Flashcards in Thinkers Liberal Deck (14)
John Locke (not modern)
1) society state and government are based on a voluntary agreement or social contracts
2) government should be limited and based on consent from below
Believe that government derives its legitimacy from .. and should..?
People should accept?
The government should protect ? And tolerate?
Lockes philosophy is based on ?
HOWEVER.. locke is not a modern liberal because
The people, and should govern in accordance to their natural rights
The authority of the government
Property rights ... religious matters not interfere
Refers to ‘people’ as wealthy land owners not real people
Mary Wollstonecraft, type of liberal?
1) women are rational independent beings capable of reason
2) in order to be free women should enjoy full liberties and the opportunity to pursue a career
What is formal equality ?
What did she value as an institution ?
But they must be?
Why were there limits on her ambitions for women ?
But argued even tho biology ??
All individuals have the same legal and political rights in society
Equals in partnership no tyranny
The period in which she lived
A career was no less virtuous just aimed for equality if opportunity
John Stuart Mill
1) individuals should be free to do anything expect harm others
2) it is important to tolerate behaviours or ideas that are different from ones own
John Stuart Mill
Was which branch of liberal?
Championed the ? advocated?
What did he believe about the government ? Only entitled to?
What did he believe about tax?
He was a son of ?
That they had no business interfering ... restrict behaviour that affected freedom of others …. negative freedom
Should be a single tax rate ‘flat tax’
what type of liberal?
1) society must be just and guarantee each citizen a life worth living
2) a fair society is one in which the difference in outcomes for the richest and the poorest is kept to a minimum
What did Rawls accept ?
What did Rawls envisage?(2)
What did Rawls argue would happen in this circumstance ?
What did Rawls reject ?(2)
That there would always be a degree of inequality
-veil of ignorance
People would value the importance of equal rights allowing as much freedom as possible
Communism and unregulated capitalism
1) women are as capable as men and oppressive laws and social views must be rejected
2) women are held back from fulfilling this potential by unfair ideas about the kind of employment they can take up
What was her belief about biology and women?
Reinforced by ?
Why was she a liberal?
That is was conditioning not vilify that Lead women to become wives and homemakers
Schools family and social cultural and religious influences
Because she wanted to make reforms within the existing structure
what are liberals features?
-state 'necessary evil'
classical liberals? (4)
-state protect property rights
-lassiez faire economy
-against free-market capitalism, Keynesian