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Flashcards in UK GOVERNMENT 2 Deck (28)
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Questioning is a good form of parliamentary scrutiny? (3)

Not good?(3)

-from backbenchers in commons
speaker can raise urgent questions

-political theatre
'friendly' back benchers self-interested
-childish speaker intervene


Select committees good form of parliamentary scrutiny? (3)

Not good? (3)

-interrogative, no notice of questioning
-members are critical/independent
-chairs well paid/independent
-reports receive publicity

-review problems after occurred
-gov not obliged to act on advice given
-ministers lots of support, MP little research support


What are other forms of scrutiny? (4)

-legislative committees
-vote of no confidence
-grievances of constituencies


What are the limits to backbenchers powers? (3)

Factors into voting? (4)


-keeping their seat
-like PM's agenda
-dislike PM's agenda


What are the 3 components to the executive?

Role ? (3)

-cabinet ministers
-junior ministers

-proposing legislation
proposing budget
-running the country


What is the role of the cabinet? (5)

-make formal decisions
-coordinating government policy
-providing a forum
-managing parliamentary business
-managing emergencies


Cabinet is still important? (7)

-discusses strategy/goals
-key decisions, have large departments
-no PM survive no cabinet support
-cabinet can overrule PM
-only effective place to settle disputes
-under coalition reconciles differences
-deals with emergencies (cobra)


Cabinet not important? (6)

-PM significant powers patronage
-PM uses special advisors more
-collective responsibility PM can silence
-PM shapes agenda, meet less now
-growth of cabinet committees way for PM bypass cabinet
-cabinet untied by PM gives enormous power


Collective is responsibility necessary?

If you don't agree you? e.g. Ian Duncan Smith

-united front against opposition
-inside cabinet private
-binds gov
-enhance PM power silence outside


What are the two forms of individual ministerial responsibility?

What are the 3 features of each?

-responsible for goings on in department
-accurate info to parliament
-PM decided how long minister remains in power

-personal conduct
-how serious issue is perceived
-media response
-PM responds to an issue


What are the 5 royal prerogative powers?

limits ?

-make treaties with other countries
-head of civil service
-call an elections
-deploy the military

-'big beasts' included (some rivals)
-both 'wings' should be represented
-botched re shuffles cause problems


What 7 things are looked for when selecting ministers?

-close allies
-'big beast'
-ideologically balanced (diff views)
-political adversaries e.g. Boris
-socially balanced
-good parliamentarians (experience)


What are the 7 factors effecting PM's powers?

-cabinet and party


What is the good (2)/bad(4) coalition gov when legislating?

-have solid majority
-policies have additional authority support of 2 parties

-vulnerable to rebellions
-activism from House of Lords (they considered mandate to be weak)
-potential breakdown for gov
-had to consider backbench opinion (fragile)


When was the Supreme Court established and why?

What are the 4 roles of the Supreme Court?

2009, to ensure greater separation of powers rather than a 'fusion' with overlaps

-final court of appeal
-hear appeals on issues, arguable points of law
-hear appeals civil/criminal cases


What did the constitutional reform act of 2005 do? (3)

-created supreme court
-removed lord chancellor as head of judiciary
-established JAC for appointments


Judicial neutrality is upheld (4)

-appointment by JAC
-set of professional ethics from experience
-broaden, background/life experiences
-legal precedent, prospect of appeal restrict influence of personal views


Judicial neutrality not upheld (3)

-demographically unrepresentative
-'establishment' seen to uphold status quo
-growing judicial activism, lack neutrality


Judicial independence upheld? yes(7) no(2)

-lord chancellor
-security of tenure
-fixed salary
-human rights act
-supreme court

-gov retains some role
-ministers criticize judges ruling


Rule of law? (4)

-fair trial /no imprisonment
-everyone obey the law and equal
-public officials not above the law
-judiciary must be independent


Supreme Court is influential? (6)

-can stop executive action
-'final court of appeal'
-increased awareness of citizens rights
-judges influential comments on issues
-reputation stand up for rights
-freedom of info cases upheld publishing


Supreme court not influential? (5)

-cannot strike down statute law (even if go against ECHR)
-not pro-active have to wait for cases
-cannot make judgments beyond law
-parliament sovereign judges no power


Aims of EU? (7)

-promote peace/scientific progress
-offer freedom/security/justice
-sustainable development
-highly competitive market economy
-combat social exclusion/discrimination
-enhance economic/social/territorial cohesion
-economic/monetary union


What are the EU's four freedoms?

-free movement of workers
-free movement of goods
-free movement of capital
-free movement of services


What are the policies of the EU (4)

-international trade
-membership of single market
-immigration policy
-agriculture fisheries


What features of impact of the EU on UK gov?(5)

-public opinion


What is legal sovereignty?

What is political sovereignty?

person or body who makes the laws are final, recognised/enforced by courts/executive

person or body who makes decisions in reality


what are 5 things that limit parliamentary sovereignty ?

-executive dominance
-human rights act