Flashcards in UK POLITICS 2 Deck (16)
What are the 6 functions of political parties ?
what are 7 way parties encourage democracy?
-provide choices for voters
-educate and inform electorate
-uphold the authority of parliament
-legitimise elections (peaceful transition of power)
what are 5 ways parties threaten democracy?
-engage in adversarial politics
-low turnout indicating lack of faith
-rich interest groups become excessively influential
-fail to reflect society (minorities/women)
What would be 'permissible source' for donations? (4)
on the UK electoral register
registered political party
UK registered company
registered trade union or building society
parties should receive sate funding? (4)
-stops wealthy groups influencing
-can focus on representing electorate
-smaller get fair financial support
-less wealthy pressure groups get equal hearing by parties
no state funding?(3)
-politicians be less interested in pressure groups points of view
-taxpayers shouldn't be funding them
-disagreements over how funding allocated
what are the key differences between Old Labour and New Labour? (4)
1)commitment to equality vs individuals achieving their potential
2)nationalisation vs free market economics 3)cradle-to grave welfare vs targeted welfare
4)recognition of class divisions vs rejection of this view
what was One nation conservatism ?
influenced by Disraeli based on ideas of paternalism, pragmatism sought to introduce social reforms reduce social inequalities
what was Thatcherism/ New Right?
neo-liberalism/neo-conservatism. favoured individual opposed to the state (free-market economics) reduced welfare and lowered taxes
intolerant of 'alternative' lifestyles
what are the liberal democrats policies?
equality of opportunity-
-unfair advantages should be removed
-should be capitalism but with redistribution of wealth to counter effects
-strong constitution ensure separation of powers, limited by laws and de-centralised
what are social liberals 3 features?
-increase social justice through the state
-high spending on poor to reduce inequality
what are 3 features of classic/orange book liberals ?
-increase social mobility
-favour cutting taxes for poor
what was the no of votes to seats for UKIP in the 2015 general election?
when was Scottish referendum and result?
3.8million -1 seat
September 2014, no-55% yes-45%
what is one way a minor party has influenced UK politics ?
UKIP calling of EU referendum needing UKIP voters and thus the triggering of article 50.
what are the 7 factors effecting party success?
wider political context