Flashcards in Thorax and Lungs Deck (24):
The manubriosternal angle is:
the articulation of the manubrium and the body of the sternum.
Select the correct description of the left lung:
a. narrower than the right lung with three lobes
b. narrower than the right lung with two lobes
c. wider than the right lung with two lobes
d. shorter than the right lung with three lobes
narrower than the right lung with two lobes
Some conditions have a cough with characteristic timing. The cough associated with chronic bronchitis is best described as:
occurring in the early morning
Symmetrical chest expansion is best confirmed by:
placing hands on the posterolateral chest wall with thumbs at the level of T9 or T10, then sliding the hands up to pinch a small fold of skin between the thumbs
The assessment of the lateral chest wall is
referred to as the forgotten lobe
Auscultation of breath sounds is an important component of respiratory assessment. What is an accurate description of this part of the examination?
Hold the diaphragm of the stethoscope against the chest wall; listen to one full respiration in each location, being sure to do side-to-side comparisons
Description of bronchovesicular breath sounds
Moderate pitch, inspiration equal to expiration
After examining a patient, you make the following notation: increased respiratory rate, chest expansion decreased on left side, dull to percussion over the left lower lobe, breath sounds louder with find crackles over left lower lobe. These findings would be consistent with a diagnosis of:
Upon examining a patient's anterior chest, you note cutaneous angiomas on the upper chest wall. These findings are consistent with:
Liver disease or portal hypertension
Upon examination of a patient, you note a coarse, low-pitched sound during both inspiration and expiration. This patient complains of pain with breathing. These findings are consistent with:
Pleural friction rub
In order to use the technique of egophony, ask the patient to:
say "eeeeee" each time the stethoscope is moved
When examining for tactile fremitus, it is important to:
palpate the chest symmetrically.
The pulse oximeter measures
arterial oxygen saturation
Where is the apex of the lungs?
3 to 4 cm above the inner third of the clavicles
Where is the base of the lungs?
Rests on the diaphragm
Where is the lateral left lung border?
Sixth rib, midclavicular line
Where is the lateral right lung border?
Fifth intercostal space
Where is the posterior apex of the lungs?
Elliptical shape with an anteroposterior to transverse diameter in the ratio of 1:2 indicates what?
Anteriorposterior diameter equal to transverse diameter indicates?
Sunken sternum and adjacent cartilages indicates?
Forward protrusion of the sternum with ribs sloping back at either side indicates?
Lateral, S-shaped curvature of the thoracic and lumbar spine indicates?