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Flashcards in Thorax and Lungs Deck (24):
0

The manubriosternal angle is:

the articulation of the manubrium and the body of the sternum.

1

Select the correct description of the left lung:
a. narrower than the right lung with three lobes
b. narrower than the right lung with two lobes
c. wider than the right lung with two lobes
d. shorter than the right lung with three lobes

narrower than the right lung with two lobes

2

Some conditions have a cough with characteristic timing. The cough associated with chronic bronchitis is best described as:

occurring in the early morning

3

Symmetrical chest expansion is best confirmed by:

placing hands on the posterolateral chest wall with thumbs at the level of T9 or T10, then sliding the hands up to pinch a small fold of skin between the thumbs

4

The assessment of the lateral chest wall is

referred to as the forgotten lobe

5

Auscultation of breath sounds is an important component of respiratory assessment. What is an accurate description of this part of the examination?

Hold the diaphragm of the stethoscope against the chest wall; listen to one full respiration in each location, being sure to do side-to-side comparisons

6

Description of bronchovesicular breath sounds

Moderate pitch, inspiration equal to expiration

7

After examining a patient, you make the following notation: increased respiratory rate, chest expansion decreased on left side, dull to percussion over the left lower lobe, breath sounds louder with find crackles over left lower lobe. These findings would be consistent with a diagnosis of:

Lobar pneumonia

8

Upon examining a patient's anterior chest, you note cutaneous angiomas on the upper chest wall. These findings are consistent with:

Liver disease or portal hypertension

9

Upon examination of a patient, you note a coarse, low-pitched sound during both inspiration and expiration. This patient complains of pain with breathing. These findings are consistent with:

Pleural friction rub

10

In order to use the technique of egophony, ask the patient to:

say "eeeeee" each time the stethoscope is moved

11

When examining for tactile fremitus, it is important to:

palpate the chest symmetrically.

12

The pulse oximeter measures

arterial oxygen saturation

13

Where is the apex of the lungs?

3 to 4 cm above the inner third of the clavicles

14

Where is the base of the lungs?

Rests on the diaphragm

15

Where is the lateral left lung border?

Sixth rib, midclavicular line

16

Where is the lateral right lung border?

Fifth intercostal space

17

Where is the posterior apex of the lungs?

C7 vertebrae

18

Elliptical shape with an anteroposterior to transverse diameter in the ratio of 1:2 indicates what?

Normal chest

19

Anteriorposterior diameter equal to transverse diameter indicates?

Barrel chest

20

Sunken sternum and adjacent cartilages indicates?

Pectus excavatum

21

Forward protrusion of the sternum with ribs sloping back at either side indicates?

Pectus carinatum

22

Lateral, S-shaped curvature of the thoracic and lumbar spine indicates?

Scoliosis

23

Exaggerated posterior curvature of the thoracic spine indicates?

Kyphosis