Topic 1.1.3 Flashcards Preview

GCSE Physical Education > Topic 1.1.3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic 1.1.3 Deck (28):
1

What is the definition of health?

A state of complete mental, physical and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.

2

What is the definition of fitness?

The ability to meet the demands of the environment.

3

What is the definition of exercise?

A form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and / or physical fitness, it is not competitive sport.

4

How do the 3 terms health, fitness and exercise work together to achieve a balanced healthy lifestyle?

If you take part in regular exercise you will increase your fitness levels and increase health benefits reducing the risk of illnesses such as Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).

5

Is the following statement true or false?

'It is possible to be fit but not healthy.'

True

6

What are the 5 components of health related exercise?

Cardiovascular Fitness, Muscular Endurance, Muscular Strength, Flexibility and Body Composition.

7

What is the definition of cardiovascular fitness?

The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time without tiring.

8

'The ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired' is the definition of what?

Muscular Endurance

9

'The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance' is the definition of what?

Muscular Strength

10

What is the definition of flexibility?

The range of movement possible at a joint.

11

'The percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle and bone' is the definition of what?

Body Composition

12

What component of health related exercise would be most important to aerobic activities?

Cardiovascular Fitness

13

What component of health related exercise would be most important to a weight lifter who wants to lift heavy weights?

Muscular Strength

14

What are the 6 components of skill related fitness?

Agility, Balance, Coordination, Power, Reaction Time and Speed.

15

What is the definition of agility?

The ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.

16

'The ability to retain the body's centre of mass (gravity) above the base of support with reference to static (stationary), or dynamic (changing), conditions of movement, shape and orientation' is the definition of what?

Balance

17

What is the definition of coordination?

The ability to use two or more body parts together.

18

'The ability to do strength performances quickly' is the definition of what?

Power

19

What is the equation for power?

Power = Strength x Speed

20

'The differential rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time' is the definition of what?

Speed

21

What is the definition of reaction time?

The time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of a movement.

22

Rugby players require this component of skill related fitness to dodge tackles from the opposition.

Agility

23

Divers require this component of skill related fitness to maintain control of their bodies whilst moving through the air.

Balance (dynamic)

24

To play a hit a successful shot in tennis, the players require which component of skill related fitness?

Hand-Eye Coordination

25

Which component of skill related fitness does a high jumper need to ensure they have an explosive lift from the floor to clear the bar?

Power

26

A javelin thrower needs to be able to bring their arm through very fast to get the maximum possible distance in their throw. Which component of fitness allows them to do this?

Speed

27

To allow a 100m sprinter to get the best possible start they need to have good what?

Reaction Time

28

Which component of health related exercise is important to a hurdler who needs to achieve the best possible leg position?

Flexibility