Flashcards in Topic 1.2.1 Deck (26):
What are the 2 different recreational drugs?
Smoking (nicotine) and Alcohol
Can you list 3 different ways that smoking impact on your health?
Adictive, risk of CHD, high blood pressure, cancer and damages the respiratory system.
Can you list 2 different ways that alcohol impacts on your health?
Risk of dehydration and liver damage.
What are the 6 different performance enhancing drugs?
Anabolic Steroids, Beta Blockers, Diuretics, Narcotic Analgesics, Stimulants and Peptide Hormones (EPO/HGH).
Why would sporting performers take anabolic steroids?
They develop muscle mass and speed up recovery time.
Why would sporting performers take beta blockers?
They control the heart rate and steady the body.
Why would sporting performers take diuretics?
They reduce body weight by removing water out of the body.
Why would sporting performers take narcotic analgesics?
They are strong painkillers and therefore mask pain.
Why would sporting performers take stimulants?
They promote alertness.
Why would sporting performers take EPO?
They increase red blood cell production and therefore increase oxygen delivery to the working muscles.
Which drug may reduce heart rate to a dangerous level?
What are the side effects of taking anabolic steroids?
Liver damage, CHD, infertility, skin problems and aggression.
Dehydration, nausea and kidney failure are the side effects of which drug?
What are the side effects of narcotic analgesics?
Nausea, anxiety, depression, kidney and liver damage, concentration loss and further damage to injury.
Which drug may cause insomnia?
What are the side effects of EPO?
Increased thickness of the blood, blood clots, strokes, deep vein thrombosis and increased risk of heart attack.
Which sports may use anabolic steroids to gain an advantage?
Weightlifters or 100m Sprinters
Archers are likely to use which drug to gain an advantage?
Which sports may use diuretics to gain an advantage?
Jockeys and Boxers
Someone who is injured is likely to use which drug to allow them to perform?
Which sports may use stimulants to gain an advantage?
Rugby players and Boxers
Which sports may use EPO to gain an advantage?
Endurance events e.g Cycling
Can you list the 4 negative effects that alcohol may have on performance?
Slower reactions, weight gain, loss of coordination and loss of concentration.
Can you list the 2 negative effects that smoking may have on performance?
Breathlessnes and reduction of oxygen carying capacity.
What are the 5 different ways to prevent injury in physical activity?
1. Warm-up 2. Check equipment and facilities 3. PAR-Q 4. Balanced Competition 5. Complying with the rules of the game