Flashcards in Topic 1.1.5 Deck (28):
Describe the term 'balanced diet'.
A balanced diet means eating a variety of foods from all the different groups of food in the correct proportions.
Why is it important to have a balanced diet.
Without a balanced diet we will not get all of the nutrients we need so we may become ill or lack the energy we need for work and exercise.
What are the 7 factors of a balanced diet?
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins, Minerals, Fibre and Water
What are the 3 macro nutrients?
Carbohydrates, Proteins and Fats
What are the 2 micro nutrients?
Vitamins and Minerals
Which component of a balanced diet allows the slow release of energy?
What is the function of protein in the diet?
To help the growth and repair of muscles
What is the function of Vitamin D in the diet?
To help the absorption of calcium.
Which component of a balanced diets aids the digestive system?
What is the function of Water in the diet?
During exercise, blood is redirected from the gut to the working muscles. What is this called?
How long should you leave before exercising after you eat at the very least?
What are the 3 different somatotypes?
Mesomorph, Ectomorph and Endomorph
Which somatotype fits the description 'wide shoulders, narrow hips and a lot of muscle'?
How would you describe an endomorph?
Wide shoudlers, wide hips and excess body fat.
Which somatotype fits the description 'narrow
shoulders, narrow hips and thin?
What sport would suit an ectomorph?
Long distance running
What sport would suit an endomorph?
What sport would suit an mesomorph?
What are the 5 different weight conditions?
Underweight, Anorexic, Overfat, Overweight and Obese
Which weight condition is a dangerous eating disorder that is casued by eating very little?
What is the definition of obese?
A person who is very ovferfat.
What is the difference between overfat and overweight?
Overfat is having more body fat than you should have and overweight is having excess weight. This could be in the due to high muscle mass or larger bone density.
What is optimum weight?
It is a person's most favourable weight.
What are the 5 factors that affect optimum weight?
Height, Gender, Bone Structure, Muscle Girth and Genetics
How is blood re-directed from the gut to the working muscles?
The arteries carrying the blood to the gut vasoconstrict, this reduces the amount of blood travelling to them. Meanwhile, the arteries travelling to the working muscles vasodilate allowing more blood to travel to them and therefore more oxygen.
How does height affect optimum weight?
Generally the taller you are the more you weigh.