Flashcards in Topic 3 - Changing Popular Culture Deck (28):
What transformation occurred in Sport?
Commercialism - sport was now ruled by business and money
Give some examples of how money ruled sport
-Al Davis failed to get Oakland to finance stadium improvements so in 1980 he moved the club to LA
-Athletes started to demand more money and NFL players sued the NFL in order to gain greater bargaining power over salaries
What dominated team sports during the 70's?
Labour disputes, lawsuits, walkouts and strikes. Inspired by civil I'll rights movements of the 1960's
What was on the rise in sport during the 1970's and what did this show?
Cheating, violence and foal play highlighted how far people would go for money
What sport become a reflection of?
All that was bad about America - especially greed
What did the rise of Rock music in the 1970's suggest?
There was an increasing rebellious society. More and more people wanted to go against consumerism and conformity of mainstream pop music
What was the impact of disco music in the 1970's?
-Disco's became very popular amongst white communities. --- -Gloria Gaynor's 'never can say goodbye' was the first mainstream disco song.
-Rock fans hated it and blamed its downfall in 1979 on record companies saturating the market with low quality products
What was heavy metal and what was its significance?
-Aggressive form of rock
-Ignored by media and press giving it outsider status
-Band 'Alice cooper' challenged traditional gender roles with makeup and spandex
What other music genres gained popularity in the 1970's and why?
Punk = aimed to shock, Anti rock, believed consumerism had destroyed music (eg: dead Kennedys)
Hip Hop = rap provided ethnic minorities a voice in which they could talk about major issues such as ghetto life. Blondie 'Rapture' alienated ethnic minorities
What impact had music had on society as a whole by 1980? What changes had it displayed?
-Divided society. Fans of rock would hate fans of pop and vies versa
-More and more people were starting to rebel against modern conformist values. Traditional values were dying out
What two themes were dominant in TV during the 1970's? Give examples
Exploration (Roots) and escapism (Fantasy Island 1977-84)
What Happened to "the Beverly Hillbillies"
Cancelled by CBS in 1971, despite its popularity, it made way for 'All in the family' which tackled many issues such as abortion, sexuality, the Vietnam war, racism and women
What was the impact of the shows "Maude" and "Mary Tyler Moore" show
Both had lead roles of strong individual women. Tackled the female stereotype and issues surrounding sexism in society
What show was best known for tackling racist themes in America?
What was increasingly being shown on TV and what did this signify?
Sex and violence - showed the dramatic shift in society away from traditional conservative values
Apart from escapism and exploration, what other themes were present in TV and what did the reflect?
Current events - shows such as 'cops and robbers' were very popular indicating a population scared by rising crime
To what extent had TV showed a change in popular culture by 1980 and what did it highlight?
-Tv had rapidly developed in the 1970's and was tackling many import issues, breaking sterotypes and allowing people to 'escape'.
-However the popularity of these shows was down to many of these issues still being present in society. The change in TV highlighted the problems in society
What were Blaxploitation films?
Indie films made between 1969-1974 that had predominantly black casts.
Characterised by black hero's overcoming corrupt whites
Why did blaxploitation films become popular?
Result of black dismay about the blank black characters in Hollywood and greater black pride generated by black power
What was the impact of blaxploitation films?
-Aroused tensions in black communities
-Some middle-class black critics rejected the violence, drug dealing and gangsters the films portrayed
Give examples of films that portrayed the theme of corruption. How dominant was this theme in movies of the time?
-All the president's men = 1976 film portraying story of the Washington post writers who uncovered the truth about watergate.
-Theme of corruption of everywhere in movies which highlighted the publics failing trust in authrotitive figures
What other types of films were popular?
Films that dealt with modern concerns - Logan's run depicted future worlds overrun with poverty and destruction.
What were the attitudes to sport pre 1970's?
Sport reflected traditional American values: hard work, success and equal opportunity
What kind of Journalism become popular after Vietnam war?
What impact had the watergate scandal made on the media?
-Some reporters were seen as hero's and many were encouraged to try to uncover corruption in the government in order to get the same fame
-Some feared that this would make journalists make big scandals out of nothing in order to gain fame
Give an example of a popular news show in this era
'60 minuets' - demonstrated investigative and 'got cha' journalism
What impact did 'happy talk' segments have?
Made news anchors national celebrities. However it was as if there looks and banter was more important than there actual journalism skills