Flashcards in TPR Method Deck (17)
Language teaching method built around the coordination of speech and action it attempts to teach language through physical (motor) activity.
TPR Developers (2)
James Asher (California)
Harold and Dorothy Palmer (1925)
TPR Characteristics (2)
1) Consist primarily of commands and physical responses
2) Gamelike movements facilitates learning and reduces stress
TPR Approach (4)
1) Grammar based view of language
2) Stimulus response
3) Learning hypothesis
Grammar based view of language
Verb in imperative as the central linguistic motif
1) Trace theory holds that the more often a memory connection is traced, the stronger the memory association will be and the more likely it will be recalled
2) Retracing can be done verbally by role repetition and with motor activity
1) There exists a specific innate bio-program for language learning which defines an optimal path for first and second language development
2) Brain lateralization defines different learning functions in the left- and right-brain hemispheres.
3) Stress intervenes between the act of learning and what is to be learned; the lower the stress, the greater the learning.
There exists a specific innate bio-program for language learning which defines an optimal path for first and second language development
1) Natural Method (First language = Second language)
2) Listening before speaking and synchronizing with the body
Brain lateralization defines different learning functions in the left- and right-brain hemispheres.
TPR is directed to right brain learning (Motor movement) while left hemisphere can process language for production.
Stress intervenes between the act of learning and what is to be learned; the lower the stress, the greater the learning.
Absence of stress for successful language learning
Teach oral proficiency at a beginning level
1) Basic speaking skills
2) Attainable through the use of action-based drills in the imperative form
Sentence-based syllabus with grammatical and lexical criteria
1) Initial attention to meaning rather than to form of items
2) Grammar is taught inductively
1) Imperative drills are the major classroom activities
2) Role plays and slide ppts
TPR Learner's Role
Listener and Performer
1) They listen and respond physically to commands given by the teacher
1) Decides what to teach, who models and presents the new materials and who selects supporting materials for classroom use
2) Has the responsibility of providing the best kind of exposure to language so that the learner can internalize the basic rules of the target language
3) Gives feedback to learners
2) New Commands
3) Rolve reversal
4) Reading and writing