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Flashcards in TPR Method Deck (17)
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1

TPR Definition

Language teaching method built around the coordination of speech and action it attempts to teach language through physical (motor) activity.

2

TPR Developers (2)

James Asher (California)
Developmental psychology
Learning theory
Humanistic pedagogy
Harold and Dorothy Palmer (1925)

3

TPR Characteristics (2)

1) Consist primarily of commands and physical responses
2) Gamelike movements facilitates learning and reduces stress

4

TPR Approach (4)

1) Grammar based view of language
2) Stimulus response
3) Learning hypothesis

5

Grammar based view of language

Verb in imperative as the central linguistic motif

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Stimulus-response

1) Trace theory holds that the more often a memory connection is traced, the stronger the memory association will be and the more likely it will be recalled
2) Retracing can be done verbally by role repetition and with motor activity

7

Learning Hypothesis

1) There exists a specific innate bio-program for language learning which defines an optimal path for first and second language development
2) Brain lateralization defines different learning functions in the left- and right-brain hemispheres.
3) Stress intervenes between the act of learning and what is to be learned; the lower the stress, the greater the learning.

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There exists a specific innate bio-program for language learning which defines an optimal path for first and second language development

1) Natural Method (First language = Second language)
2) Listening before speaking and synchronizing with the body

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Brain lateralization defines different learning functions in the left- and right-brain hemispheres.

TPR is directed to right brain learning (Motor movement) while left hemisphere can process language for production.

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Stress intervenes between the act of learning and what is to be learned; the lower the stress, the greater the learning.

Absence of stress for successful language learning

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TPR Objective

Teach oral proficiency at a beginning level
1) Basic speaking skills
2) Attainable through the use of action-based drills in the imperative form

12

TPR Syllabus

Sentence-based syllabus with grammatical and lexical criteria
1) Initial attention to meaning rather than to form of items
2) Grammar is taught inductively

13

TPR Techniques

1) Imperative drills are the major classroom activities
2) Role plays and slide ppts

14

TPR Learner's Role

Listener and Performer
1) They listen and respond physically to commands given by the teacher

15

Teacher’s role

1) Decides what to teach, who models and presents the new materials and who selects supporting materials for classroom use
2) Has the responsibility of providing the best kind of exposure to language so that the learner can internalize the basic rules of the target language
3) Gives feedback to learners

16

TPR Procedure

1) Review
2) New Commands
3) Rolve reversal
4) Reading and writing

17

TPR Conclusion

1) TPR enjoyed some popularity in the 1970s and 1980s because of its support by those who emphasize the role of comprehension in second language acquisition
2) It should be used in association with other methods and techniques