Competency Based Approach Flashcards Preview

Teaching > Competency Based Approach > Flashcards

Flashcards in Competency Based Approach Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

CBL Definition

1) Outputs > Inputs
2) Advocates defining educational goals in terms of precise measurable descriptions of the knowledge, skills, and behaviors

2

Graded objectives

Series of short-term goals, so that the learner advances in knowledge and skill.

3

CBLT based on a functional and interactional perspective on the nature of language

Language = Medium of interaction and communication between people for the achievement of specific goals and purposes

4

Mosaic Approach

The whole is constructed from smaller components correctly assembled.
-Functional communication skills

5

Traditional approach

1) Developing a syllabus = One’s understanding of subject matter
- Selecting concepts, knowledge, and skills
2) Syllabus and course content => Subject
3) Assessment = Graded on a single scale
- Different capacities and knowledge ≠ Test score

6

CBLT Assessment

Criterion-based assessment how well they can perform on specific learning tasks

7

Competencies

Description of the essential skills, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors required for effective performance of a real-world task.

8

Job

Collection of units of competency, each of which is composed on a number of elements of competency (task)

9

CBLT Key Features

1) A focus on successful functioning in society
2) A focus on life skills
3) Task or performance centered orientation
4) Modularized instruction | Language learning is broken down into meaningful chunks
5) Outcomes that are made explicit a priori
6) Continuous and ongoing assessment
7) Demonstrated mastery of performance objectives
8) Individualized, student-centered instruction

10

CBLT Advantages

1) Relate to learner’s needs and interests
2) The learner can judge whether competencies seem relevant and useful
3) Competencies that will be taught and tested are specific and public
4) Competencies can be mastered one at a time so the learner can see what has been learned and what still remains to be learned

11

Critics to CBLT

1) No valid procedures available to develop competency lists for most programs
2) Reductionist approach and that the sum of the parts does not equal the complexity of the whole
3) The function of education is to transmit the knowledge and to socialize learners according to the values of the dominant socio-economic group.
4) Focuses on behavior and performance rather than on the development of thinking skills
5) Value judgements about what participation involves in society

12

CBLT Conclusion

The business of improving learning competencies and skills will remain one of the world’s fastest growing industries and priorities.