Flashcards in Tracey & Glidden-Tracey (1999) Integration of theory, research design, measurement, and analysis, Toward a reasoned argument Deck (7)
Major problems with current research
1. Wrong question
a. Shift from “What test or measure or design should I use?” to “What do I wish to be able to say?”
2. Poor assumptive specification
a. lack of complete explication of all assumptions
b. poor accuracy of assumptions
c. conclusions do not follow logically from assumptions
3. Lack of integration of the components of research
a. Not discrete units, but integrated – got it?
Iterative (repeating a process) model – four components of research
1. Substantive theory
Explicate, delineate, etc.
a. experimental v ex post facto
b. rigorous v relevant
c. exploratory v confirmatory
Measurement (dimensions of a measure)
a. concreteness – construct easily grasped by all?
b. type – discrete v continuous
c. perspective – self, parent, therapist
d. realism – naturalness, setting of measurement
e. level – local v global
f. biases – social desirability?
g. sensitivity – over the full variable range, or restricted?
h. ideographic v nomothetic – individuals v groups
i. dimensionality – bipolar, unidimensional or otherwise
over reliance on null hypothesis testing; advocate use of factor analysis, cluster analysis, multidimensional scaling, and basic exploratory data