Treaty of Versailles Flashcards Preview

Year 10 History!! > Treaty of Versailles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Treaty of Versailles Deck (20):
1

what does BRAT stand for?

-B lame
- R eparations
-A rmy
-T erritory

2

article for blame?

article 231: war guilt clause

3

point 1: blame

germany had to accept blame for starting the war. this was viral because it provided justification for the other points she needed to fulfill

4

article for reparations

article 232

5

point 2: reparations

germany had to pay 6.6 billion pounds for the damage done during the war

6

point 3: army

-forbade submarines + air force
- army of 100,000 men
- six battleships
-rhineland demilitarization

7

point 4: territory

-poland was given a ‚corridor‘ to the baltic sea which separated east prussia from germany

- alsace lorraine given back to france who had lost it in 1871

- danzig was now ruled by the LON

- all colonies were given to britain and france as ‚mandates‘

-eupen and malmedy were given to belgium

8

the name of the austria treaty?

saint germain

9

name of hungary treaty?

trianon

10

reparations: saint germain

austria went bankrupt before reparations could be set

11

saint germain: terms?

- no navy
- no austro-hungaria
- tyrol lost 2 italy
- land given to czech and yugo

12

trianon: terms?

- only allowed three patrol boats

- 200 million gold crowns (hungary couldn‘t pay them so they were suspended)

- land given to czech and yugo

13

what did woodrow wilson want?

- self determination
- LON
- universal disarmament
- independent poland
- free trade between all countries

wilson wanted an overall peaceful figure

14

why did the USA want this?

- usa had joined later on in the war

- suffered no damage at home

- less emotional

- impartial

15

what did davild lloyd george want?

- needed support of the public
- wanted to continue trading with germany
- wanted germany to be a barrier against communism
- britain had suffered massive casualties during the war
- wanted germany to keep saar coalfields

george needed support, so he had to be harsh
„hang the kaiser“ „make germany pay“

16

what did clemenceau want?

- bring germany „to her knees“
- le tigre
- france had suffered the most damage
- needed reparations
- rhineland as a buffer region

17

was the treaty fair? SMR1870

- schlieffen plan
- mobilization of troops
- france and britain wanted revenge
- germany originally created the principle of reparations and had imposed them on france in 1870

18

why was it unfair?

- left with only half of her steel and coal industry

- 16% of coalfields were lost

- 10% of land was lost

- payments were around 5% of germanys national income

- was not allowed to negotiate terms

- economic crisis

19

what words did the germans use that described their reaction?

„dolchstoss“ „november criminals“ and „diktat“

20

german reaction! EADGFR

- economic crisis
- lost pride without armed forces
- other countries weren‘t disarming
- didn‘t accept guilt for starting the war
- many germans were now ruled by foreign countries