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Year 2 EMS MoD > Tumour classification > Flashcards

Flashcards in Tumour classification Deck (59)
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1

What is the role of surface epithelia?

Protection

2

What is the role of glandular epithelia?

Secretion (glands and ducts)

3

What is the name for a benign tumour of surface (non glandular/non secretory) epithelium?

Papilloma

4

What is the name for a benign tumour of glandular (secretory) epithelium?

Adenoma

5

Benign tumours of surface epithelium are further identified by what?

Name of cell type of origin eg. squamous cell

6

Benign tumours of glandular/secretory epithelium are further identified by what?

Name of glandular tissue of origin

7

What would a benign tumour of squamous surface epithelium be called?

Squamous cell papilloma

8

What would a benign tumour of ductal epithelium of the pancreas be called?

Pancreatic cystadenoma

9

What are the 4 exceptions to the nomenclature rules for benign epithelial tumours?

1) Melanoma
2) Lymphoma
3) Seminoma
4) Mesothelioma

10

What are malignant epithelial tumours called?

Carcinomas

11

How are malignant tumours of surface epithelium named?

Prefixing carcinoma with the cell of origin eg. squamous cell carcinoma

12

How are malignant epithelial tumours derived from glandular/ductal epithelium named?

Prefixing adenocarcinoma with the epithelium source eg. pancreatic adenocarcinoma

13

What is important to note when naming epithelial malignant tumours?

Reference is often made to the degree of differentiation in epithelial malignant tumours eg. moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma

14

What would a benign epithelial tumour of stratified squamous epithelium be called?

Squamous cell papilloma

15

What would a benign epithelial tumour of basal cells of the skin be called?

Basal cell papilloma

16

What would a benign epithelial tumour of transitional epithelium of the bladder be called?

Transitional cell papilloma

17

What would a benign epithelial tumour of the glandular epithelium of the liver be called?

Liver cell adenoma

18

What would a benign epithelial tumour of the glandular epithelium of the thyroid be called?

Follicular adenoma (as talking about thyroid follicles)

19

What would a malignant epithelial tumour of stratified squamous epithelium be called?

squamous cell carcinoma

20

What would a malignant epithelial tumour of basal cells of the skin be called?

basal cell carcinoma

21

What would a malignant epithelial tumour of transitional epithelium of the bladder be called?

Transitional cell carcinoma

22

What would a malignant epithelial tumour of the glandular epithelium of the colon be called?

colonic adenocarcinoma

23

What would a malignant epithelial tumour of the glandular epithelium of the breast be called?

breast adenocarcinoma

24

How are mesenchymal tumours named?

Tissue or cell of origin followed by -OMA

25

What would a benign tumour of bone be called?

Osteoma

26

What would a benign tumour of adipose tissue be called?

Lipoma

27

What would a benign tumour of smooth muscle be called?

Leiomyoma

28

What would a benign tumour of skeletal muscle be called?

Rhabdomyoma

29

What would a benign tumour of a blood vessel be called?

Angioma / Haemangioma

30

What would a benign tumour of cartilage be called?

Chondroma