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Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (65)
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1

allomorphes

Variant forms of morphemes

2

analyze

Breaking down words into morphemes.

3

Anglo-Saxon

Form of English used 400-1100 CE

Parent language of modern English which still retains its structure

Spoken by Angles and Saxons (Germanic peoples from Northern Europe) invades England 5th centuries CE. Replaced Celtic languages and brought few embedded Latinate words (ex: wine, street).

4

Base

Fundamental meaning of the word; morpheme which another modifier (prefix/suffix) is added.

5

Borrowings

Words borrowed from other languages.

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Content Word

Easily defined function; mostly Latin in origin. Nouns, adjectives, etc.

7

Derivative

Words adapted from other languages.

8

Empty morpheme

No dicsernable meaning.

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Etymology

Origin of a word.

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Full morpheme

Morpheme with distinct meaning.

11

Function word

Words without a clear meaning but glues words together by providing structure to language.

12

Intensifying Morpheme

intensifies/emphasized base.

13

Middle English

Form of English used form 1100-1500 CE.

14

Morpheme

Minimum unit of meaning.

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Obsolete

Word that is no longer used.

16

Old English

Form of English used 400-1100 CE

Parent language of modern English which still retains its structure

Spoken by Angles and Saxons (Germanic peoples from Northern Europe) invades England 5th/6th centuries CE.

17

Prefix

Alters the meaning of the base.

18

structure

The way a language is put together

English depends on function words and word order.

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suffix

a morpheme added at the end of a word to form a derivative.

20

Word order

Order/syntax of a sentence.

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{ad},{as},{ac}

to, toward

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{dis}

away, apart

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{e}, {ex}

out, form

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{in}, {im}

in, into

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{feder}

union of states

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{re}

back, again

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{con}

very, highly

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{pre}

before

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{create}

make, build

30

{retro}

back