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Flashcards in Unit 1 Blue Pages Deck (43):
0

Greenstick fracture

Incomplete fracture

1

Impacted fracture

Fragment of bone driven into spongy bone of other fracture

2

Avulsion fracture of the greater tubercle

A small part of bone is pulled away

3

Colles fracture

Complete transverse fracture of the distal 2 cm of the radius

5

Comminuted

Broken into pieces

6

Avulsion

Broken off

7

Dinner fork deformity

Posterior angulation in the forearm

8

Boxer's fracture

Fracture of the 5th metacarpal because of closed fist punch

12

Clavicular fractures

Common in children, caused by indirect force

13

Poland syndrome

Both pectoralis major and minor are absent

14

Winged scapula

Paralysis of serratus anterior due to long thoracic nerve injury

15

Spinal accessory nerve palsy

Ipsilateral weakness when shoulders are shrugged

16

Paralysis of latissimus Doris

Inability to raise trunk with upper limbs

17

Collateral circulation

Anastomoses, blood flow is able to reverse in case laceration of artery is necessary. Blood can still reach all areas

18

Lymphangitis

Can be caused by infection in upper limbs

19

Prefixed brachial plexus

Anterior ramus is at C4 and inferior root is C8

20

Post fixed brachial plexus

When anterior rami is at C6 and the inferior root is at T2

21

Erb-Duchenne palsy

Paralysis ofdeltoid, bicep, and brachialis because of superior brachial plexus injury

22

Backpackers palsy

Severe disability and muscle spasm b/c of superior brachial plexus injury

23

Acute brachial plexus neuritis

Neurological disorder of unknown cause that is characterized by the sudden onset of severe pain around shoulder

24

Compression of cords of brachial p,exes

Result from prolonged hyperabduction of arm: pain, numbness, parenthesis

25

Klumpke paralysis

Inferior injury to brachial plexus from sudden fall etc, claw hand results

26

Biceps tendinitis

Wear and tear of tendon in inter tubercular sulcus

27

Crepitus

Crackling sound

28

Ischemic compartment syndrome

Flexion deformity from prolonged ischemia that causes scar tissue to replace necrotic tissue

29

Wrist drop

Clinical sign of radial nerve damage, inability to extend wrist

30

Grace deux tendon

Bicipital aponeurosis, arterial hemorrhage usually avoided

31

Mallet or baseball finger

Hyperflexion of interphalangeal joint

32

Pronator syndrome

Nerve entrapment caused by compression of the median nerve near the elbow, pain in anterior forearm and hypesthesia in 3.5 fingers

33

Cubital tunnel syndrome

Compression of ulnar nerve at elbow

34

Dupuytren contracture

Progressive shortening, thickening and fibrosis of the palmar fascia and aponeurosis

35

Tenosynovitis

Inflammation of the tendon and synovial sheath occurs

36

Quervain tenovaginitis stenosans

Excess friction of APL and EPB tendons causing pain in hands and forearm

37

Raynaud syndrome

Idiopathic attacks of ischemia of the digits

38

Simian hand

Deformity of thumb movement limited to flexion and extension

39

Guyon tunnel syndrome

Hypesthesia in medial fingers and weakness of intrinsic hand muscles

40

Handlebar neuropathy

Sensory loss of medial side of hand because of compressed ulnar nerve

41

Dermatoglyphics

The science of studying the ridge patterns of the Palm

42

Ankylosis

Stiffening or fixation

43

Adhesive capsulitis

Lack of movement in glenohumeral joint from fibrosis and scarring

44

Subluxation

Incomplete dislocation

45

Bull rider's thumb

Sprain of the radial collateral ligament and an Avulsion fracture of the proximal phalanx of the thumb

46

Skier's thumb

Rupture or chronic laxity of the collateral ligament of the first mp joint