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Body planes

Transverse, frontal, saggital, oblique, median

1

Classification of bones

Long, short, flat, irregular, sesame is

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Joints

Synovial, fibrous, cartilaginous

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Synovial joints

Pivot, ball and socket, hinge, saddle, condyloid, plane

4

Fibrous joint

Syndesmosis, suture, gomphosis

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Cartilaginous

Primary (epiphysial plate), secondary (intervertebral disc)

6

Shape of muscle

Flat, pennate, fusiform, quadrate, circular or sphincteral

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Functions of lymphatic system

Drain tissue fluids, absorb and transport fat, formation of defense mechanism for body

8

Extrinsic back muscles

Trapezius, latissimus Dorsi, levator scapulae, rhomboids

9

Triangle of auscultation

Vertebral border of scapula, superior border of latissimus, lateral border of trapezius

10

Extrinsic intermediate muscles of back

Serratus posterior superior and inferior

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Intrinsic muscles of back

Splenius, erector spinal, transverse spinal

12

Transversospinalis group

Semispinalis, multifidus, rotators

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Joints of vertebrae

Facet (zygapophysial) between articulate facets
Fibrocartilaginous (symphasis) intervertebral discs

14

Disc most prone to rupture

Limbo-sacral joint, tear in annulus fibrosis

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Pars interarticularis

Region of lamina between superior and inferior facets

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Spondylolysis

Fracture of pars portion of vertebrae

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Spondylolisthesis

Vertebrae shift forward due to instability from pars defect

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Scottie dog image

Refers to spondylolysis break

19

There is no ligament between what?

The pedi led. Because of intervetebral formina and emergence of spinal nerves

20

Ligamentous nuchae

Serves as attachment of cervical muscles

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Needle passage through which layers in spinal tap

Supra and interspinous ligaments, through ligamenta flava (pop), epidural space, dura, arachnoid, subarachnoid space

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Pia 2 shock cords?

Denticulate ligaments, filamentum terminal

23

Grey matter

Consists of nerve cell bodies and unmylinated nerves

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White matter

Consists of myelinated axons for communication up and down the column

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Types of nerves

Somatic sensory, somatic motor, visceral sensory, visceral motor

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Dermatomes

Skin area supplied by a single pair of nerves

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Peripheral nervous system

Divisions are somatic and Autonomic
Components are cranial and spinal nerves

28

Autonomic nervous system

Divisions are Visceral sensory and visceral motor

29

Somatic division neurons

One motor neuron, cell bodies in cns, axons all the way to skeletal muscles