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Flashcards in Unit 1 Motor Development Deck (30)
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Birth to 3 months

Like flexed posture
30' day need tummy time

Didn't have opportunity to be in prone


Head control

Can't keep head in midline
Turn to Sid - 45'



Can't keep head midline - hoppy
Don't have co contraction
Come in from side
Look for asymmetry
Start to develop he control
Grasp rattle- can't release
Moves arms and legs to build core strength


birth to 3 months
This is primitive reflexes rolling

If placed on the side will flop backward
No dissociation like a log roll- shoulders and hips stay together
Can roll from side to back


four months old
* this is a huge month developmentally

Start to develop midline orientation to play, Asymmetrical movement start to become more symmetrical
In supine can hold her head in midline and bring their hands to midline to play
Arms move forward and can lift head to 90° in midline and prone
Bring hand to mouth for self-feeding


Four months head control

The arms move forward in the head is in midline in supine and can lift had to 90° in midline and in prone
More social more smiling more interaction
Head writing reaction
It is a concern if at this stage the child cannot bring their hands into midline in supply
They start bridging at this point; But if they don't lift it up or extremities it all and do a scooting on their head it can indicate something else is going on(if they're putting pressure on their head it'll affect the shape of the head and it is not good)
They had should be in line with their body which is a cocontraction
Head righting reactions should start p.61
Disassociated rolling - accidental or reflexive


Five months old

May start to see purposeful log roll
Start their swimming posture everything is lifted up the glue on their pros good for trunk control(this correlates with their ability to sit)5-8m
Can prop up on their elbows/small weight shifts in prone
Separating one side of the body from the other.
Your bottom lifts play with your feet and peddling their feet builds core; pulling up to sitting working on neck control


5 mo head and trunk

Counter balance on way down


5 mo prop sitting

Head in extension; lean forward on hands. Legs in ring
DS WITH LOW TONE - hang on bones & ligaments
They expend more energy because their muscles conserve
No protective reactions


6 mo

Fine motor - grasping
Brings object to mouth
Can release object
Reaching and grasping


6 mo

Prone pivot, weight shift in prone and lots of swimming
Elongation on side weight bearing and reaching side contracting
Rolling b4 crawling: purposeful, disassociation (legs trunk head)
Helps with transitional movement: prone to sit, sit to stand


Six months old rolling

Starts his logrolling they will before crawling


6 mo head and trunk control

Sit up with Boppy
May use one hand to support in one hand to play
Almost pulling themselves up


Six months old standing

Supported standing
Like to bounce& rock


7 months

They are explorers
They don't like to stay in supine concerned if the child does not want to move; pushed up into quadruped
Working on sitting posture


Seven-month old sitting head and trunk control

Working on sitting posture don't have dynamic balance
Ring sit with the abducted sit
Fine motor skills are good
Transfer skills - pick up toy and put one hand to other


Eight month old milestones

Move in and out of sit reach out of their base of support
Still compile backwards; can change positions


Crawling vs creeping

Crawling = commando scooting

Creeping= up in quadruped moving forward shifting forward and backward is the controlled mobility

W sit - damages knees and hips- puts pelvis anterior tilt hanging out on bones and ligaments


9 mo

Creeping, four point position, rocking, reaching, kneeling, pulling to half Kneel, weight shift,side sit, tall kneel


9 mo standing

Cruising, hold on sideways cruise,sepe rate pieces of furniture


One year old

Start with wide stance and high arms for balanceStarts with arms held high, wide abducted gate and crouched down with a wobble

Secondly arms and lower in the feet under the pelvis
The feet closer and lower arm guard
For the heel to toe gait was no Arm guard


Baby walker

DeCreases strength, decreased balance, keeps hips externally rotated

No balance reactions, child not doing much work, missing out on weight-bearing
Child not doing much work walking on toes week calf muscles altered gate

When a child weight bears the hips rotate into Internally in the toes facing forward

Sitting in the sling prevents hips from developing


Progression of rising

Four point position
Planting rare


16/18 months

Stairs with one hand on the railing
Walk sideways and backwards
Floor to stand
Jumping squatting and creep upstairs and down
I'm swaying momentary single leg stance and falling less


2 yrs old

Faster reciprocal momentary longer single leg stance 1 to 3 seconds up and down one step at a time
Lacking in the chili they can't cut and turn
Step over obstacles throw ball jumping
Actually flight phase feet jump off the ground
Kick ball, jump off ground, throwing


3 years old

Didn't jump over obstacles with lead foot
He'll strike, pelvic rotation and longer steps (7 adult gait)
Pedal a tricycle
Agility begins
More typical gait pattern
Tandem stance, up & down stairs
sLS 3 s

Can hold tandem stance and single leg stance for three seconds


four years old

Single leg stance longer 4-6 seconds
Hopping 4 to 6 x
Galloping balancing on one leg swinging the opposite lower extremity
Edging a small ball throwing a ball
Balance on 1 leg, swing opp LE
Swing opp extremity


Five years old

Single leg stance 8 to 10 seconds
Walk forward on balance beam; hop 8 to 10 times
2 - 3 foot standing Broadjump, skip, kick a roling ball, catch a ball


Six years old

Single leg stance for 10 seconds with eyes open and closed this uses proprioception in kinesthetic awareness
Throw and catch small ball
Walk on balance beam, ride bikes, skate, strike the ball with a racket


Things to look for during the visit with the children!

Symmetry, weight-bearing, rotation, posture, functional strength, functional range of motion, weight shifts, sensation, Proximal stability, postural control, appropriate velocity and control, endurance, interested to play, muscle tone, and balance
Included game, obstacle course, bubbles, stickers, what they like