Unit 1 - Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 - Test Deck (29):
0

The all sea route is a way of traveling by water from where to where?

From Europe to Asia

1

What happened to the colony of Roanoke?

It failed after two attempts to colonize

2

What does the term balance of trade mean?

More exports than imports

3

What is the name of the rebellion where a group of farmers, indentured servants and slaves revolted because of a lack of farm land and low tobacco prices?

Bacon's Rebellion

4

What are the Navigation Acts of 1650?

Restricted products, Colonial goods had to be carried on English ships, and European goods had to be routed through England before going to the American colonies

5

What are the Toleration Acts of 1649?

Granted a degree of religious freedom

6

What market did the Iroquois Confederation monopolize?

Fur

7

Who did Hernan Cortes conquer?

Aztecs

8

Who did Francisco Pizarro conquer?

Incas

9

What English Colony is known as the "holy experiment"?

Pennsylvania

10

What territory caused the French and Indian war?

The Ohio River Valley

11

What was the Bering Land Bridge?

A piece of land that was exposed during the ice age between Alaska and Siberia

12

What was Prince Henry's School?

A school to educate students to become better navigators, and encourage new ideas for sea travel

13

What was Jamestown?

An agricultural based colony, the first successful British colony, and settled in the Chesapeake Bay region.

14

What is the Great Awakening?

It was a series of religious revivals

15

How did the English gain control of the New Netherland colony?

The colony surrendered to the British without firing a shot

16

What is the crop that allowed the Carolina's successful?

Rice

17

Due to the skill and knowledge of WHAT helped make rice successful?

Slaves

18

What is the name of the law that was passed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony that required towns to maintain schools?

The Old Deluder law

19

Why did the Spanish Armada attack the British Navy?

Queen Elizabeth's approval of pirating Spanish ships

20

What colony is known as the "social experiment"?

Georgia

21

Name the three Mesoamerican cultures?

Olmec, Aztec,Maya

22

Why did the Pilgrims leave Europe and travel to America?

Economic opportunity and religious freedom

23

What did Johannesburg Gutenberg invent?

The Printing Press

24

What secular division of the purist it's where the pilgrims?

Separatists

25

What is the historical significance of the Mayflower Compact?

- It set up their own government
- they were self-governing
- majority rule of male church leaders
- they elected John Carver as their governor

26

What was the Great Migration?

In 1630 - 40,000 people leave England for religious freedom. They migrated from England to the American colonies

27

What was the religious dissent?

- Thomas Hooker left Massachusetts and went to Connecticut because of different religious views
- Roger Williams was banished from Rhode Island - because he granted religious freedom to colonist

28

Who was John Smith?

- Was with Jamestown colony
- elected president of the council
- became friends with Pocahontas
- she became an ally to the colonies
- tobacco became a very prosperous crop