Flashcards in Unit 1 - Test Deck (29)
The all sea route is a way of traveling by water from where to where?
From Europe to Asia
What happened to the colony of Roanoke?
It failed after two attempts to colonize
What does the term balance of trade mean?
More exports than imports
What is the name of the rebellion where a group of farmers, indentured servants and slaves revolted because of a lack of farm land and low tobacco prices?
What are the Navigation Acts of 1650?
Restricted products, Colonial goods had to be carried on English ships, and European goods had to be routed through England before going to the American colonies
What are the Toleration Acts of 1649?
Granted a degree of religious freedom
What market did the Iroquois Confederation monopolize?
Who did Hernan Cortes conquer?
Who did Francisco Pizarro conquer?
What English Colony is known as the "holy experiment"?
What territory caused the French and Indian war?
The Ohio River Valley
What was the Bering Land Bridge?
A piece of land that was exposed during the ice age between Alaska and Siberia
What was Prince Henry's School?
A school to educate students to become better navigators, and encourage new ideas for sea travel
What was Jamestown?
An agricultural based colony, the first successful British colony, and settled in the Chesapeake Bay region.
What is the Great Awakening?
It was a series of religious revivals
How did the English gain control of the New Netherland colony?
The colony surrendered to the British without firing a shot
What is the crop that allowed the Carolina's successful?
Due to the skill and knowledge of WHAT helped make rice successful?
What is the name of the law that was passed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony that required towns to maintain schools?
The Old Deluder law
Why did the Spanish Armada attack the British Navy?
Queen Elizabeth's approval of pirating Spanish ships
What colony is known as the "social experiment"?
Name the three Mesoamerican cultures?
Why did the Pilgrims leave Europe and travel to America?
Economic opportunity and religious freedom
What did Johannesburg Gutenberg invent?
The Printing Press
What secular division of the purist it's where the pilgrims?
What is the historical significance of the Mayflower Compact?
- It set up their own government
- they were self-governing
- majority rule of male church leaders
- they elected John Carver as their governor
What was the Great Migration?
In 1630 - 40,000 people leave England for religious freedom. They migrated from England to the American colonies
What was the religious dissent?
- Thomas Hooker left Massachusetts and went to Connecticut because of different religious views
- Roger Williams was banished from Rhode Island - because he granted religious freedom to colonist