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Flashcards in Unit 2 - Test Deck (34):
0

What was the import tax on foreign products - such as sugar and molasses?
A. Tea Act
B. Townshend Act
C. Sugar Act

C. Sugar Act

1

What were the Declaratory Acts?
A. A response to the stamp act congress and to reassert authority over the colonies
B. To reinforce the sugar act and banned settlements west of the Mississippi River
C. To force the colonist to buy English exports and help English merchants who were losing money

A. A response to the stamp act congress and to reassert authority over the colonies

2

Why did the British merchants take the side of the colonists against the Stamp Act?
A. They hated the British government
B. They thought that the colonist were being treated unfairly
C. The merchants were losing money

C. The merchants were losing money

3

How were the colonist able to resist the taxes that were imposed by the British parliament?
A. Boycotts
B. Protests and demonstrations
C. Violence
D. All of them

D. All of them

4

What was the tax on all printed material?
A. Stamp Act
B. Tea Act
C. Townshend Act

A. Stamp Act

5

Tell me three things about the Proclamation Act of 1763.

1). It was supposed to separate the Colonist and Indians
2). It was hard to enforce
3). It barred settlements west of Appalachia

6

What document was used to enforce the Townshend Acts?
A. Judge ordered search warrants
B. Writs of Assistance
C. Writs of Passage

B. Writs of Assistance

7

Which act was a tax break for the British East India Company?
A. Intolerable Acts
B. Quartering Acts
C. Tea Acts

C. Tea Acts

8

What does George III mean when he says, "there will always be one tax to keep up the right"?
A. There will always be one tax to help Parliament keep control of the colonies
B. There will always be one tax to help maintain righteousness
C. There will always be one tax so that the colonies will not expand

A. There will always be one tax to help Parliament keep control of the colonies

9

What act collected taxes at the ports instead of within the colonies?
A. Intolerable Acts
B. Townshend Acts
C. Quartering Acts

B. Townshend Acts

10

What act allowed the British Troops to be placed in the colonist homes?
A. Quartering Act
B. Townshend Acts
C. Intolerable Acts

A. Quartering Acts

11

What was the Boston Massacre?
A. The Sons of Liberty killed several Redcoats in an ambush
B. Native Americans attacked a small group of British soldiers in Boston
C. A small group of colonists harassed and battered a group of British soldiers until they opened fire killing 5 colonists

C. A small group of colonists harassed and battered a group of British soldiers until they opened fire killing 5 colonists

12

What did the Intolerable acts do?

1). Closed the ports of Boston
2). A new Quartering Act was imposed
3). It revoked the Massachusetts Charter

13

What did General Washington do at Dorchester Height?
A. Forced the British forces to surrender
B. Captured 1,400 Hessian soldiers
C. Maneuvered cannons to the heights to threaten to bombard the Redcoats

C. Maneuvered cannons to the heights to threaten to bombard the Redcoats

14

What were three conditions of the Treaty of Paris?

1). Americans gain independence
2). Americans control the land between the Great Lakes and Florida
3). Colonist have to pay back debt to England

15

What were colonist who supported independence called?

Patriots

16

What were colonist who supported England called?

Loyalist

17

What was the solution that the 1st Continental Congress came to called?
A. Declaration of Freedom
B. Declaration of Independence
C. Declaration of Resolves

C. Declaration of Resolves

18

The colonist lost the Battle of Breed's Hill - but why was it considered a MORAL VICTORY?
A. The colonists inflicted so many casualties on the Redcoats
B. The colonists discovered a flaw in the Redcoats tactics
C. It proved that the colonists had the courage to fight and stand their ground against a superior enemy
D. Both A & B
E. Both B & C
F. Both A & C

F. Both A &C

19

How was General Washington able to defeat the British forces at Trenton?
A. Ignored the Holiday halt and crossed the Delaware River catching them off guard
B. Ambushed them on Thanksgiving morning
C. Surrounded them - cutting off their supplies from the ports

A. Ignored the holiday halt and crossed the Delaware River catching them off guard

20

What was the colonists ADVANTAGES when fighting the war?
A. Better marksmen because of the hunting
B. They were fighting on familiar land
C. They were fighting for THEIR OWN CAUSE
D. Both A & B
E. Both B & C

E. Both B & C

21

Who drafted the Declaration of Independence?
A. Thomas Jefferson
B. George Washington
C. Thomas Paine

A. Thomas Jefferson

22

Why was the 2nd continental congress such a weak central government?
A. They were unorganized and inexperienced
B. They had no real authority over the colonies
C. They were poor leaders

B. They had no real authority over the colonies

23

What does the Introduction of the Declaration of Independence state?

States the purpose of the document - why we want separation

24

What does the Preamble of the Declaration of Independence state?

1). That ALL men are created equal and have rights
2). That the government must protect those rights

25

What does the Middle Section of the Declaration of Independence state?

A list of grievances - justifying why we want to be separate

26

What does the Conclusion of the Declaration of Independence state?

If there is no peaceful solution - then the colonist were left with no choice but to revolt

27

When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

July 4th 1776

28

Identify and explain Lexington and Concord

1). Known as the shot heard round the world
2). The minutemen waited in Concord
3). The British marched to Lexington and were hit on their way back
4). Colonist success
5). Redcoats casualties - 273
6). Colonists casualties - less than 100

29

Identify and explain the Battle of Saratoga

1). It was the turning point in the war
2). The French officially come to the aide of the colonists
3). The French provide the colonist with supplies, troops, naval support, and military skill

30

Identify and explain the Boston Tea Party.

1). December 16,1773
2). Boston Harbor
3). Colonists were afraid of a monopoly by the British India company - Tea Act of 1773
4). Colonist pledged a boycott
5). Colonists dressed as Indians and stormed the ship and threw the shipment into the harbor

31

Identify and define Yorktown

1). British General Cornwallis was surrounded and cut off from supplies
2). October 19, 1781
3). Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown

32

Identify and explain Thomas Paine

1). Author of Common Sense
2). Used His pamphlet, Common Sense to stir up public support for Independence

33

Identify and explain the Stamp Act Congress

1). After Parliament passed the Stamp Act
2). The Congress pledged to remain loyal to England - but they were dissatisfied with the taxation without representation of the colonies
3). They denied that Parliament had the right to tax the colonies
4). This was an important set toward a unified resistance