Unit 10 Cardiovascular System Flashcards Preview

medical terminology > Unit 10 Cardiovascular System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 10 Cardiovascular System Deck (40):
1

cardi/o, card/o

heart

2

arteri/o

arteries

3

ven/o, phleb/o

veins

4

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

5

aort/o

aorta; main trunk of artery system

6

plasm/o

plasma; liquid portion of blood

7

ather/o

plaque or fatty substance

8

lymph/o

lymph

9

lymphaden/o

lymph node, lymph gland

10

splen/o

spleen; stores blood and destroys worn out red blood cells

11

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

12

coronary

pertaining to the heart vessels

13

coron/o

coronary or head/crown

14

ischemic or ischemia

deficiency of blood flow

15

myocardial infarction

heart attack

16

dysrhythmia

an irregular heartbeat

17

bradycardia

an abnormally slow heartbeat; <60 bpm

18

tachycardia

an abnormally fast heartbeat; >100 bpm

19

palpitation

pounding or racing heartbeat

20

palpation

to use fingers to use for size, texture, consistency (to assess)

21

sphygmomanometer

instrument used to measure blood pressure

22

stethoscope

instrument used to listen to sounds within the body

23

angi/o

blood vessel
-itis (inflammation)
-stenosis (abnormal narrowing)
-rrhexis (rupture)
-necrosis (cell or tissue death)
-sclerosis (abnormal hardening)

24

thrombosis

thromb/o=clot
-osis=abnormal condition
-thrombus (blood clot in a blood vessel)
DVT=deep vein thrombosis

25

aneurysm

localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery; often fatal if ruptures due to rapid loss of blood

26

varicose veins

abnormally swollen veins; usually occurs in legs

27

erythrocytopenia (anemia)

erythr/o=red
cyt/o-cell
-penia=deficiency of

28

hematocytopenia

abnormal deficiency of blood cells

29

febrile (pyrosis)

to have a fever

30

afebrile

without fever

31

-thermia

heat

32

hyperthemia
hypothermia

body temperature above normal
body temperature below normal

33

antibiotic

drug that treats bacterial infection

34

vaccine

inactivated microorganisms administered by injection, mouth, or nasal spray to prevent infectious diseases

35

hypotension
hypertension
electr/o
ech/o

lower than normal BP
higher than normal BP
electricity
sound

36

BP
EKG or ECG
ECHO
CPR
HR
P

blood pressure
electrocardiogram
echocardiogram
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
heart rate
pulse, 60-100 bpm

37

Rh
RR
T
VS
Hct
Hgb

blood type
respiration rate
temperature
vital signs
hematocrit
hemoglobin

38

RR
T

10-20 bpm
98.6*

39

CHF
BMT
CBC

congestive heart failure
bone marrow transplant
complete blood count

40

infarct

tissue death due to lack of blood flow