Unit 15 Nervous System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 15 Nervous System Deck (45):
1

brain

encepahlo= brain
coordinates all body activities
cephal/o= head,crown
crani/o= skull

2

cerebell/o

cerebellum
located in lower back of cranium
responsible for balance and coordination

3

cerebr/o

cerebrum
largest, upper-most portion of brain
"thinking" part of the brain

4

cognitive

our ability to think, learn, and memorize

5

mening/o, mening/i

meninges
layers around the brain and spinal cord

6

radic/o, radicul/o, rhiz/o

nerve root

7

mononeuropathy

mon/o= one
neur/o= nerve
-pathy= disease
condition that affects a single nerve

8

myel/o

spinal cord or bone marrow

9

neur/o

nerves
receives and transmits message to and from parts of the body

10

Sensory Organs

ears, eyes, nose, skin (touch), tongue

11

anesthesiologist

an-= without
esthesi/o= feeling
-ologist= specialist

12

psychologist

psych/o= mind, emotions

13

psychiatrist

-iatrist= specialist
-iatry= study of or feeling of

14

conscious

being alert, awake, aware, responsive

15

A&O

alert and orientated

16

syncopal episode

fainting spell
brief loss of consciousness

17

LOC

loss of consciousness or level of consciousness

18

coma

deep state of unconsciousness
no response to pain, no speech

19

aneurysm

localized weak spot of the wall of an artery

20

stroke

damage to brain that occurs when blood flow to brain is disrupted

21

TIA

transient ischemic attack
"little" strokes; warning

22

aphasia

-phasia= speech
loss of ability to speak, write, or comprehend language

23

hyperesthesia

excessive feeling or sensation

24

seizure

convulsion, -ictal
sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a group of muscles caused by a disturbance in brain function

25

preictal

before a seizure

26

postictal

after a seizure

27

CP

cerebral palsy

28

sciatica

pain affecting the back, hip, and outer leg caused by the compression of the spinal nerve root in the lower back

29

paralysis

-paresis, -plegia
loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movement

30

hemiparesis or hemiplegia

paralysis on one side of the body

31

paraplegia

paralysis of both legs and lower body

32

quadriplegia

paralysis of all four extremities

33

monoplegia

paralysis of one limb or area

34

ADD

attention deficit disorder

35

ADHD

attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

36

concussion

violent shaking or jarring of the brain

37

A + O x 3

alert and oriented times three (person, place, and time)

38

MS

multiple sclerosis

39

CAT

computed axial tomography

40

PERRLA

pupils are equal, round, responsive to light and acommoddation

41

analgesic

drug that relieves pain without affecting consciousness

42

anesthesia

-esthesia= feeling
absence of pain and sensation

43

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

44

EEG

electoencephalogram

45

HA

headache