Unit 7- The male reproductive system Flashcards Preview

medical terminology > Unit 7- The male reproductive system > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 7- The male reproductive system Deck (27):
1

andr/o, M

male

2

balan/o

penis

3

epididym/o

duct atop testes that stores sperm and carries it to the vas deferens

4

orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o

testicle, testis, produce testosterone and sperm cells

5

sperm/o, spermat/o

sperm

6

prostat/o

prostate gland; upper end of urethra; secretes fluid that aids in the movement of sperm

7

vas/o

vas deferens; duct that carries sperm from epididymis to the urethra

8

BPH

benign prostatic hyperplasia; noncancerous, excessive development of the prostate gland

9

cryptorchidism

undescended testicles; state of hidden testes

10

crypt/o

hidden

11

orchid/o

testes

12

-ism

condition

13

prostate cancer

cancer of the prostate gland; most commonly diagnosed cancer in men; usually occurs later in life

14

PSA

prostate-specific antigen; blood test that measures for prostate cancer

15

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus; type of virus that causes AIDS

16

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; a disease that affects the body's immune system; transmitted sexually by contaminated needles, or contaminated blood transfusions

17

STD/STI

sexually transmitted disease/infection

18

HPV

human papillomavirus; STD that causes genital warts

19

TUR

transurethral, through the urethra; resection, surgical removal of

20

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

21

TURB

transurethral resection of the bladder

22

coitus, copulation

sexual intercourse

23

circumcision

surgical removal of the foreskin

24

DRE

digital rectal exam; PE in which the physician inserts finger into rectum and feels for size and shape of prostate gland

25

vasectomy

surgical removal of a portion of the vas deferens; results in male sterilization

26

sterilization

process that makes one unable to reproduce

27

infertility

reduced or absent ability to reproduce offspring