Unit 11 Digestive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 11 Digestive System Deck (52):
1

a.c.

before meals

2

NG

nasogastric

3

NPO

nothing by mouth

4

p.c.

after meals

5

p.o.

by mouth

6

BE

barium enema

7

GB

gallbladder

8

GI

gastrointestinal

9

BM

bowel movement

10

BMI

body mass index

11

BS

bowel sounds

12

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

13

oral cavity

mouth

14

or/o and stomat/o

mouth

15

uvul/o or uvula

soft mass that hangs in back of mouth

16

pharynx or pharyng/o

throat

17

esophagus

transports food from pharynx to stomach

18

esophag/o

esophagus

19

gastr/o

stomach; breaks down food and mixes with digestive juices

20

enter/o

small intestine; completes digestion and absorption of most nutrients

21

ileum
ilium

part of small intestine
the hip bone

22

col/o or colon/o

large intestine/colon; absorbs excess water and prepares solid waste

23

proct/o and rect/o

rectum; controls secretion of solid waste

24

an/o

anus

25

`hepat/o

liver

26

cholecyst/o

gallbladder; stores bile for later use

27

lapar/o and abdomin/o

abdomen

28

periton/o

peritoneum; membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

29

cheil/o

lips
-itis
-rrhaphy
-oma

30

gloss/o and lingu/o

tongue
-pathy
-dynia

31

-pepsia and pet/o
dyspepsia

digestion
painful digestion (indigestion)

32

pyr/o

fever, fire; pyrosis "heartburn"

33

jaundice

yellow discoloration of the skin

34

gingivitis
gingiv/o

inflammation of the gums
gums

35

aphagia
-phagia

the loss of the ability to swallow
swallowing

36

append/o and appendic/o

appendix

37

herni/o

hernia; protrusion through the bodywall

38

lavage

to wash out (a body cavity)

39

regurgitate

the return of swallowed food into the mouth

40

emesis or -emesis

vomiting; expelling the contents of the stomach

41

dysentery

an infection of the digestive system, causes severe diarrhea and bleeding

42

CT or CAT

computed (axial) tomography

43

Abdominal ultrasound

high frequency sound waves used to visualize internal organs

44

Anoscopy

visual examination of the anus

45

Barium Swallow

use of barium to see upper portion of digestive system

46

Enema

solution placed in rectum and colon to empty the contents via a bowel movement

47

Barium enema

use of barium to view lover digestive system

48

anoplasty

surgical repair of the anus

49

colectomy

surgical removal of all or part of colon

50

colotomy

surgical incision of the colon

51

colonoscopy

visual examination of the colon

52

colostomy

creating an artificial opening to the colon