Unit 14- Bones and Muscles Flashcards Preview

medical terminology > Unit 14- Bones and Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 14- Bones and Muscles Deck (77):
1

abduction

movement of a limb or other part away from the midline

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adduction

movement of body part toward the body's midline

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inversion

movement in which the plantar surface of the foot rotates towards the midline of the body

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eversion

movement in which the plantar surface of the foot rotates outward

5

extension

straightening the joint and usually takes place in a posterior direction

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flexion

a movement that takes place in sagittal plane

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pronation

rotation of hand/forearm so that the surface of the palm is facing downward

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supination

rotation of forearm/hand so that the palm faces upward

9

rotation

movement when something pivots or revolves around a single long axis

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alignment

placing fractured bones into correct anatomical position

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ambulate

able to walk

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ambulatory

pertaining to walking

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deformity/deformed

distortion of any part of the body

14

dislocate/dislocation

temporary displacement of a bone from its joint

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immobilize/immobilization

making a part or limb so that it cannot be moved

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crani/o

skull

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vertebr/o, spondyl/o, rachi/o

spine; vertebral column

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lumb/o, lumbar

lower back area

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orthopod

orthopedist

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reduce/reduction

restoring a fractured bone to its normal position

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symmetry

boths sides being equal

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cervical vertebrae

7 vertebrae, c-1, c-2

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thoracic vertebrae

12 vertebrae, t-1, t-2

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lumbar vertebrae

5 vertebrae, L-1, L-2

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clavic/o, clavicle

collar bone

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scapul/o, scapula

shoulder blade

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humer/o, humerus

upper arm bone

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stern/o, sternum

breastbone

29

traction

pulling force on a limb to return bone or joint to normal position

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CR

closed reduction

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CRIF

closed reduction internal fixation

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ORIF

open reduction internal fixation

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cost/o, costals

ribs

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chondr/o

cartilage

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phalang/o, phalanges

finger or toes pones

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carp/o, carpals

bones of the wrist

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tars/o, tarsals

ankle bones

38

ilium

part of the hip bone

39

femor/o, femur

upper leg bone

40

patell/o, patella

knee cap

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fibul/o, fibula

lower leg bone

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arthr/o

joints

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ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

tendon; attaches muscle to bone

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bursa, burs/o

fibrous sac that acts like a cushion to ease joint movement

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ligament

connects bone to bone

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synovial fluid

acts as a lubricant within movable joints

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symphysis joint

sym- and syn-=with, together, joined together
-physis=to grow
bones grow together with cartilage and function as one

48

menisc/o

cartilage within a joint

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oste/o

bone

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myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

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my/o, myos/o

muscle

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ankylosis

loss of mobility in a joint
ankyl/o=stiff
-osis= abnormal condition

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intercostal

-inter=between
pertaining to between the ribs

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supracostal

-supra= above

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osteoclasis

surgical Fx a bone to correct deformity
oste/o=bone
-clasis= to break surgically

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osteodesis

fusion; surgically fuse together bone
oste/o=bone
-desis= surgical fusion

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lord/o

bent forward

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kyph/o

hump, humpback

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myoasthenia

-asthenia= weakness
"muscle weakness"

60

osteoarthritis

"inflammation of the bones and joints"

61

orthopedic surgeon

"specializes in bones, joints, and muscles"
orth/o= straight

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kinesiology

study of the movement and motion of muscles and body parts

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Fx

fracture (broken bone)

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disl

dislocation

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ROM

range of motion

66

OT

occupational therapist

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PT

physical therapy

68

OA

osteoarthritis

69

Ht

height

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Wt

weight

71

Ortho

orthopedics

72

MD

muscular dystrophy

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D.O.

Doctor of Osteopathy

74

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

75

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

76

AKA

above knee amputation

77

BKA

below knee amputation