unit 10 lecture 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in unit 10 lecture 2 Deck (17):

core knowledge hypothesis

the idea that infants are born with some knowledge about the world such as basic knowledge of numbers and how objects behave


habituation-dishabituation response


infants do not spend much time looking at visual stimuli that is familiar


habituation-dishabituation response


suprising and unfamiliiar visual stimuli or events tend to capture an infants attention


Renee Baillargeon


short carrot passes acros, fullt obscured by the structure

tall carrot passes across, but also is obscured

-3.5 month old infant spend more time looking at this event


Lev Vygotsky

zone of proximal development
-child cognitive development proceeds most efficiently when (with adult scaffolding) children make an attempt at acquiring skills that are just beyond what they can accomplih on their own



the emotional sense of closeness and security yhat a child develops with their caregiver(s)


harry harlow

when monkeys given a choice, chose soft area as oppoed towire area that has food


mary ainsworth

stranger anxierty:
young children discomfort in presence of stranger

"the strange situation"
secure attatchment pattern
1)child is mildly distressed when caregiver leaves them alone with stranger
2)chuld keeps distance fro stranger
3)when caregiver returns, child seeks comfort

insecure attatchment patterns:
1)child clings tightly to caregiver before they leave
2)overly upset when alone with stranger
3)caregiver returns, child rushes for comfort but alo pushes caregiver away

1)child doesnt seem close to caregiver
2) caregiver not cncerned when caregiver leaves
3) child ignore when caregiver returns

disorganized attatchment pattern: children cant decide whether to seek comfort or avoid contact with caregiver... either act to seek or avoid contact or freeze with indecision


self awarenes

child gradually develp an appreciation of themselves seperate from other people



lacking the capacity to understand that other people have perspectives, thoughts, and feelings that differ from ones own


theory of mind

the capacit to understand that other people have have their own minds/thoughts/feelings and perceptions that differ from their own


pro social behaviour

behaviour that is respectful of others needs and involves efforts to help them while also ensuring that we are treated with respect and that we get our own needs met in ways that are fair and ustified


contagious crying

an early form of empathy


instrumental helping

by age 1 children will provide asistance with anothers efforts to comlplete a task


empathic helping

by age 2 children can help to make someone feel better


2 systems underlying prosocial behaviour

attatchment behavioural system: our system for achieving personal comfort and ecurity from others

caregiver behavioural system: our system for helping others (only possible if attachment behavioural system is satisfied)


conditional approach to parenting

relying on rewards and punishments to motivate children to engage in positive behaviours

-children may not do the right thing if they dont think theyl be rewarded

can lead to development of introjection: occurs when people rely on others views of them as the basis for feeling good or bad about themselves